freight charges stipulated by contract or law. Freight how the charge for the carriage of goods primarily relates to carriage under a voyage charter or charter agreement, since in the time charter and especially in the bareboat charter, the subject of the agreement is not the carriage of cargo, but the lease of the vessel. Paid to the carrier by the shipper or charterer.
Directly shipping the cargo on a chartered ship, as well as contract for transportation, including a description of the cargo, carrier's duties and fees.
The size of the freight is established by agreement of the parties. In the absence of an agreement of the parties, the freight amount shall be calculated based on the rates applied at the place of loading of the cargo and during loading of the cargo. If cargo loaded on a ship in a larger quantity than stipulated by the contract, the size of the freight increases accordingly.
In commercial water transport, the term freight often refers to the cost of transporting one ton of cargo. Accordingly, in the event that the charterer does not ensure the loading of the minimum amount of cargo specified in the charter / voyage charter agreement, the shipowner has the right to charge the charterer with "dead freight", compensating the shipowner for lost profits.
With the development of the global transport system, the concept of freight has spread to air. Freight) and land Freight) transport.
A system for organizing delivery, moving any material objects, substances, etc. from one point to another along the optimal route. One of the fundamental directions of the science of managing information and material flows in the process of goods movement. The optimal route is considered to be the route along which it is possible to deliver a logistics facility in the shortest possible time (or within the stipulated time frame) with minimal costs, as well as with minimal damage to the delivery facility. Harm for the delivery object is considered to be a negative impact on the logistics object both from external factors (conditions of transportation) and from the time factor when delivering objects that fall into this category.
Substances, materials and products that have properties that, when transported, may cause an explosion and (or) fire, cause death, illness, injury, poisoning, radiation or burns of people and (or) animals, as well as damage means, other objects of transportation and (or) harm the environment. Transportation of such goods is carried out in accordance with the special conditions of transport.
Transportation of goods performed by at least two types of transport under one contract. The carrier is responsible for all transportation, even if this transportation is carried out by different types of transport (for example: by sea, rail, road, etc.). The carrier does not necessarily have to have all modes of transport. Such transportation is often carried out by sub-carriers (in the law of the sea, called actual carriers).
Penalty, penalty paid to the owner of the container / vessel / vehicle for use in excess of the standard time specified in the contract.
In merchant shipping, monetary damages, payment due to the carrier for the demurrage of the vessel during the counter-lay time. The amount of demurrage is determined by agreement of the parties, or according to the rates adopted in the respective port. In the absence of such rates, the amount of payment for the demurrage of the vessel is determined by the costs of maintaining the vessel and its crew.
In sea container transportation, this is a payment for excess (over free time) use of container equipment during the time from the moment the container is unloaded from the vessel until it is returned to the port, or until it is transferred to export mode. Paid to the owner of the container.
A certain amount of goods, plants, plant products and / or other materials in the carriage (the cargo can be composed of one or more goods or consignments). The cargo can be groupage, for example, when transporting one container or car of cargo of several owners.
in appearance (live or non-living)
by way of transportation (sea, river, rail, road, air)
by weight (the load exerted on the cargo transferring device)
in shape (physical size (dimensions))
by state of aggregation (solid, liquid, gaseous, plasma)
on the terms of packaging and storage (piece, bulk, bulk, bulk, container, etc.)
by shelf life for use (perishable)
on the microclimatic regime (special requirements for temperature, humidity, pressure, atmospheric composition, air quality)
in terms of danger to health, life and the environment (toxic (poisonous), biologically hazardous (infectious), explosive, flammable, flammable, radioactive, etc.)
Live cargo includes animals, birds, plants, bacteria and other living organisms; There are special requirements for their transportation.
Weight Discrepancy Fee. This fee applies when the actual weight of the container accepted at the terminal differs from the weight specified in the documentation. The fee covers administrative amendments, as well as changes in loading conditions and chassis requirements.
Consignment note. Contract of carriage, as well as bill of lading, a document confirming the fact of acceptance of the cargo by the carrier for carriage by sea and the obligation to transfer it to the consignee at the port of destination.
Confirmation of container weight prior to loading for all international shipping containerized cargo. Mandatory requirement to provide a "verified" weight of the loaded container.
In accordance with the amendment introduced to improve the safety of navigation to Chapter VI "Carriage of goods and liquid fuels" of the 1974 International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea - MK SOLAS, from July 01, 2016 in accordance with Rule 2 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS ) imposes on shippers, when transporting containers, the obligation to either weigh the packed container using calibrated and certified equipment, or weigh the contents of the container with the addition of the empty container weight.
In any case, VGM must be fixed by the carrier. Failure to comply with this requirement entails a sanction under the SOLAS Convention that the container “must not be loaded onto a ship”, see paragraph 4.2, MSC1 / Circ.1475 (adopted by the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
According to the rules, the mass of the container must be checked (certified) by the shipper by weighing the loaded container, or by weighing the units / packages loaded into the container, which will be packed in the container, followed by summing their mass with the empty container mass.
Shipper must, no later than 24 (twenty-four) hours before the planned departure of the vessel, provide the forwarder with reliable information received in the following amounts:
verified weight of the loaded container (cargo weight together with container container, hereinafter - VGM);
weighing method information (1 or 2);
name of the company that performed the weighing;
information about the person who signed the weighing certificate (full name, position).
Additionally, we draw your attention to the fact that due to the increase in cases of weighing containers in the port of Vladivostok, reliable information about the weight of the cargo in the container significantly reduces the time and financial costs incurred by the owner of the cargo if a discrepancy is found between the weight data in the bill of lading and the weighing act.
If there is a discrepancy in 500 kg from the declared mass in any direction, the customs will put the container at 100% inspection with weighing the contents of the container.
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Synonyms - Checking the weight of loaded containers
Veterinary Certificate Services. Carrier assistance service on demand for veterinary certification on behalf of the client, for containers that are sent to ground points and contain cargo of animal origin. Due to the frequent passage of this
Additional insurance fee (shipping costs) charged under the contract with the consignor, if the declared (declared) value of the goods exceeds the amount covered by the carrier within its responsibility.
A condition according to which the sea carrier has the right to unload the cargo or any part of it from the vessel, store it ashore, transfer it to another vessel, regardless of whether it belongs to the carrier or not.
Liability can pass from one carrier to another, or it can be recorded through a bill of lading to the first carrier.
It is used to change the shipping line in the transit port for delivery from / to the port not served by the line directly.
This is the planned travel time from port to port. This travel time is based on the collected figures, but it cannot be considered as a fact. She may deviate in unforeseen circumstances. Transit time may change, especially when the destination is not reached directly, but through (several) nodes.
Measure of cargo capacity of the vessel. The term comes from taxation paid on barrels or barrels of wine. In modern maritime use "tonnage"Specifically refers to the calculation of the volume or volume of the cargo of the vessel The tonnage should not be confused with the displacement, which refers to the actual weight of the vessel.
Tonnage is commonly used to estimate charges for commercial delivery.
The tonnage measurements are governed by the IMO Convention on the tonnage measurement of 1969 ships of the year (London Rules), which applies to all ships built after July 1982 of the year.
Electronic Cargo Release Service. This service is called "Telex" or "Express" release and allows you to release the goods at destination after confirming the identity of the recipient as the consignee, provided that all 3 are original B / L were delivered to the consignee
The condition of transportation upon departure / arrival. Means that forwarder assumes responsibility for the organization of transportation from / to the handling equipment at the port of departure / destination; The cost of transportation includes, in addition to freight, loading / unloading from / to
Terminal handling is original. Any services of a cargo handling terminal: loading / unloading from a ship, moving to a pile, exhibiting for work, etc. In practice, the following understanding of this term has developed handling services
The Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit is a unit of measure equal to the volume occupied by a standard 20-foot container. Used in calculating the capacity of container ships or storage locations of containers.
Temporary Customs Service-Import. The service, in which the carrier pays the costs of temporary customs clearance of the container (not cargo) on behalf of the client, and then the costs are borne by the client. This service is available upon request.
Temporary Customs Service- Export. The service, in which the carrier pays the costs of temporary customs clearance of the container (not cargo) on behalf of the client, and then the costs are borne by the client. This service is available upon request.
Government and Port Tax Service. Carrier pays taxes local authorities on behalf of the client, and the costs are borne by the client. This fee depends on local laws and will be added to the cost of the related port works.
A document issued by the carrier stating the applicable rules for rates and charges for the movement of goods. The document establishes a contract of carriage between the consignor, the consignee and the carrier.
T1 Documentation Fee. This fee is intended to cover the costs associated with issuing T1 documentation. The T1 documentation is required for taxation in the European Union when transporting goods of non-European origin between the two points of the EU customs zone. At
Placing goods on the vessel in such a way as to ensure the safety and stability of the vessel not only on the sea or ocean passage but also between the ports when parts of the cargo were loaded or discharged.
ContainerStuffing / Stripping Service. This service is offered to the client, according to her the carrier performs the unloading or filling of the client's container in the port area. This service is available upon request.
Transport document. The sea waybill indicates 'on board' the loading of goods and can be used in cases where the sea bill of lading is not required, i.e. there is no title deed. to receive the goods, the presentation of the sea waybill for the consignee specified in it is not required, which allows you to speed up the processing at the port of destination.
reefer Monitoring / Plug-in Service. The service provided by the carrier to track deliveries with a certain temperature regime, including checking temperature parameters and checking equipment malfunctions. This service is used whenever
Revenue Ton - is a delivery term that describes the dimension on which the cargo is chartered. If the cargo is estimated as weight or measure, then no matter what income it brings, a ton of revenue will be considered. Weight is based on metric tons and measures are based on cubic meters. 1 RT = 1 ton or 1 m3.
The service carrier which allows the shipper to change the destination and / or the consignee after shipment reached its originally billed destination and still pay the rate from the point of departure to the final destination.
Bill of lading by rail carriers for their clients.
The document used for transportation by rail. The document is prepared by the agent or the railway line, which will transport the goods, after receiving shipping instructions from the consignor. The draft railway consignment note is sent to the shipper for accepting and sending the specified conditions, after which the originals are issued.
Below you can see a list of information included in the railway bill instructions:
Pre-Trip Inspection Service. This service is offered by the carrier and implies additional verification of the temperature of containers with certain work experience to ensure that the container is in working condition and ready for transportation.
Pre Shipment Inspection - pre-shipment check of the manufactured goods for compliance with the declared requirements, quality and quantity standards. Pre-shipment inspection is effective after the end of production when at least 80% of the batch is packed. Checked in accordance with the specification, aspects such as: general, appearance, product functions, size, labeling, packaging and so on.
The invoice is sent by the seller of the goods before shipment, which advises the buyer of the information and cost of the goods. usually required by the buyer to obtain an import permit or letter of credit.
Delivery of cargo from the place of its receipt to the place of loading by the carrier to the main means of transportation. The section of the path that the product needs to overcome to get from the warehouse to the seaport corresponds EXW-C/ Y.
Pre Production Inspection - verification of materials and raw materials for the production of goods. During the inspection, raw materials, materials, components, production lines are checked, and samples of manufactured products are obtained.
Pick-Up / Drop-Off Service. The service provided by the carrier for receiving or transferring empty containers to a container base other than that indicated in the bill of lading as a place of acceptance / delivery where ground delivery is required by the client. Usl
Phytosanitary Certificate Service. A service in which the carrier, upon request, provides assistance with a certification authorized by the government on behalf of the client. Certification confirms that transported fruits and / or vegetables comply with applicable requirements
Port Additionals / Port Dues - Import. Intermediary service for the payment of various port costs paid by the carrier and compensated by the client. The carrier is familiar with the requirements of the port authorities, which can save the client time and save him from
Port Additionals / Port Dues - Export. Intermediary service for the payment of various port costs paid by the carrier and compensated by the client. The carrier is familiar with the requirements of port authorities, which can save the client time and save him from
The term is used instead of 'flag of convenience' or 'flag of necessity' to refer to a registry in a country that offers favorable tax regulatory and other incentives for shipowners from other countries.
No Show Fee. This fee applies to each container in a confirmed order that is not in the loading area at a specified time. This fee is also applicable when a customer (1) reduces the number of containers in an order (2) is transporting or moving a container
Manual Booking Fee. A fee covering additional administrative work of the carrier for the processing of documents received by non-electronic means. This is called manual registration. Manual registration is carried out upon receipt of documents on the following
In a broad sense, insurance covers the loss or damage to cargo at sea. marine insurance usually compensates the owner of the goods for damages from a shipwreck fire, etc. but loss excludes what can be extracted from the carrier.
Linear conditions upon arrival. Conditions under which the forwarder provides the following services, the cost of which is included in the freight rate: unloading from the vessel, placement at the terminal (CY), loading onto the vehicle (auto, railway).
Linear conditions upon departure. The conditions under which the forwarder provides the following services, the cost of which is included in the freight rate: removal of the container from the vehicle (car, railway), placement at the terminal (CY), loading onto the ship.
Partial loading of the container, when each customer's lot is smaller than is required to fill the whole container and in one container in one direction on one vehicle, the cargo of several senders to the address of several recipients follows.