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Customs Terms

Abbreviations used mainly in the field of foreign economic activity and customs clearance
The number of entries in this glossary is 210.
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Glossaries

Term Definition
Express cargo
Producttransported in the framework of high-speed transportation of any type of transport using an electronic information system for organizing and tracking shipments in order to deliver this product to the recipient in accordance with the individual invoice during
EADD

Electronic archive of the declarant's documents.

Risk graduation scale
Interval distribution of the degree of risk.
CECTU

Central Forensic Department

Code of the structural division of the FCS of Russia 0900

CECTU It is a specialized regional customs administration and carries out forensic, forensic, forensic, research, scientific and methodological activities in the interests of economic security of the state.

The department organizes the work of more than 80 expert departments and departments, expert studies of which are carried out on 97 groups of the Unified Commodity Nomenclature for Foreign Economic Activity of the Customs Union. 

CECTU has the latest analytical equipment, customs experts, when performing customs and judicial examinations, use the latest analysis methods:

  • gas, ion and high performance liquid chromatography;
  • gas and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry;
  • ultraviolet and infrared spectrometry;
  • electron microscopy;
  • atomic absorption;
  • also X-ray fluorescence and X-ray structural analysis methods.
Targeted Risk Identification Methodology
The procedure for conducting information analysis with the predominant use of mathematical and statistical methods and the minimum use of expert methods.
PCD
Financial and economic activity
FU
Financial Management
FSB (RUSSIA)

Federal Security Service.

FPS (RUSSIA)

The Federal Border Service of the Russian Federation.

FAS (RUSSIA)

The Federal Antimonopoly Service is a federal executive body that performs the functions of adopting regulatory legal acts and monitoring compliance with antimonopoly legislation, legislation in the field of activities of natural monopolies (in terms of the powers of the antimonopoly authority established by legislation), advertising, monitoring foreign investment in business entities of strategic importance to ensure the defense of the country and the security of the state Liu (supervision) in the field of state defense order and procurement of goods, works and services for state and municipal needs, as well as the consistency of application of the closed ways of determining the suppliers (contractors, performers).

UFTP
Federal Office of customs duties.
UFTD
Management of Federal Customs Revenues.
Utsav
Management of Customs Statistics and Analysis.
Utsav

Department of Customs Statistics and Analysis

The code of the structural division of the FCS of Russia is 0500

The Department is working to improve the conceptual and methodological foundations of maintaining customs statistics of foreign trade of the Russian Federation, which meet international practice, ensures the stability of the system of indicators of customs statistics of foreign trade of the Russian Federation, flexibility of forms and methods of collecting initial data in the context of the development of foreign economic relations of the Russian Federation.

It works to improve the system of indicators of customs statistics of foreign trade of the Russian Federation, taking into account the maintenance of customs statistics of foreign trade of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, special customs statistics, as well as statistics of foreign trade of the Union State, increases the reliability and efficiency of customs statistics of foreign trade of the Russian Federation based on modern information technologies.

UTOViEK

Management of trade restrictions, currency and export controls

Code of the structural division of the FCS of Russia -0600

Activities

  • ensuring compliance with the prohibitions and restrictions established in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on state regulation of foreign trade activities and international treaties of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as trade restrictions) in respect of goods transported across the customs border of the Russian Federation;
  • protection of intellectual property rights;
  • control over currency transactions of residents and non-residents related to the movement of goods and vehicles across the customs border of the Russian Federation;
  • improvement of state policy in the field of customs, trade restrictions, currency control and its implementation;
  • improvement of normative and other legal acts in accordance with the competence of the Office;
  • information and analytical work in accordance with the competence of the Office;
  • departmental control of the activities of customs authorities in the field of trade restrictions, currency and export control;
  • interaction with other bodies and organizations engaged in other types of state control.
UTNTR
Management of tariff and not tariff regulation.
UTN

Commodity Management

The code of the structural division of the FCS of Russia is 0200

Management is engaged in:

  • participation in the fulfillment of the obligations of the Russian Federation arising from its participation in the International Convention on the Harmonized System for the Description and Coding of Goods dated 14.06.1983, the Agreement on the Unified Commodity Nomenclature for Foreign Economic Activity of the Commonwealth of Independent States dated 03.11.1995 and the Agreement on the Common Commodity Nomenclature foreign economic activity of the states of the Eurasian Economic Community dated September 20.09.2002, XNUMX;
  • the organization in the established manner of conducting and practical application of commodity nomenclatures of foreign economic activity: Commodity nomenclature of foreign economic activity of the Commonwealth of Independent States (TN FEA CIS), CN FEA Russia (TN VED EurAsEC) and their international basis;
  • participation in the preparation of proposals for improving the state policy in the field of customs and its implementation on issues of conducting and practice of using commodity nomenclatures of foreign economic activity;
  • the development of proposals for improving legislative and other legal acts in the field of customs on issues within the competence of the Office;
  • the organization and coordination of the work of customs authorities for the correct classification of goods in accordance with the HS of Russia, control over the activities of customs authorities in the specified direction;
  • organization and coordination of the work of customs authorities on the procedure for making preliminary decisions on the classification of goods in accordance with the HS of Russia, control over the activities of customs authorities in the specified direction.
Risk level
A value characterizing the ratio of the frequency of occurrence of an event related to non-compliance with international treaties and acts in the field of customs regulation and state legislation.
Risk management
A systematic activity of customs authorities to minimize the likelihood of events related to non-compliance with international treaties and acts in the field of customs regulation and state law.
PACKING LIST
A commercial document that contains a list of items included in one package (box, box, container). packing list signed by the packer and inserted into each package that has a mixed assortment.
Whatcom
Customs Control.
Unique contract number
Number assigned by an authorized bank when registering a contract.
UDTS
SBA Customs Union.
UCMJ
Management of foreign exchange control.
UBTP
The Office for combating customs offenses.
TSTK
Technical means of control.
International transportation vehicles
Means of transportwhich are used for the international carriage of goods, passengers and (or) baggage, with special equipment on them, designed for loading, unloading, handling and protecting goods, material and technical items
Vehicles for personal use
The category of goods for personal use, which includes certain types of motor vehicles and motor vehicles and trailers for motor vehicles and motor vehicles, as determined by the Eurasian Economic Commission, watercraft or aircraft along with the stock
Means of transport
Category of goods, including a watercraft, aircraft, automobile vehicle, trailer, semi-trailer, railway vehicle (railway rolling stock, railway rolling stock unit), container with
Transport (shipping) documents
Documents confirming the existence of a contract for the transport of goods and accompanying them during such transportation (bill of lading, consignment note, document confirming the conclusion of the contract of transport expedition, and other documents).
TPO
Customs receipt.
Union goods
Goods fully produced (extracted, received, grown) located in the customs territory of the Union. goods in the customs territory of the union that have acquired the status of union goods or are recognized as union goods
risk Products
Goods transported across the customs border of the Russian Federation and for which risks are identified or potential risks exist.
Products cover
Goods that are likely to be declared (declared) instead of risk products.
Goods for personal use
Goods intended for personal, family, household and other non-business activities of individuals, transported across the customs border of the union in accompanied or unaccompanied baggage, by shipment to
Product
Any movable property, including the currency of member states, securities and (or) currency values, traveler's checks, electrical energy, as well as other movable things, equivalent to real estate.
TKTS

Customs Code of the Customs Union of EurAsEC (TC CU)

TC EAEU

CUSTOMS CODE OF EURASIAN ECONOMIC UNION

Synonyms - ТКЕАЭС
Customs risk

The likelihood of non-compliance with international treaties and acts in the field of customs regulation and legislation of the Russian Federation.

Synonyms - Risk
customs regime

Customs proceduredefining the totality of requirements and conditions, including the application of customs duties, taxes and prohibitions and restrictions for goods and vehicles, established in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on state. regulation of foreign trade activities, as well as the status of goods and vehicles for customs purposes, depending on the purpose of their movement across the customs border and use on the customs territory of the Russian Federation or abroad.

Foreign economic activity participants shall be entitled to choose any customs regime or change it to another, regardless of the nature, quantity, destination country or countries of origin.

Rummage

Inspection of goods and vehicles; external visual inspection of goods, baggage of individuals, vehicles, cargo tanks, customs seals, seals and other means of identifying goods for customs control purposes. Not associated with the opening of the goods.

Customs office of departure
The customs authority that commits customs operationsrelated to the placement of goods under the customs procedure of customs transit.
Customs Authority
The customs authority, in the region of which the location of the delivery of goods, determined by the customs authority of departure, or which terminates the customs procedure of customs transit, is located.
customs control
The set of actions performed by customs authorities aimed at checking and (or) ensuring compliance with international treaties and acts in the field of customs regulation and the laws of the Member States on customs regulation.
Customs inspection

Inspection of goods and vehicles associated with the removal of seals, seals and other means of identifying goods, opening the packaging of goods or cargo space of a vehicle or containers, containers and other places where the goods are or can be located.

Customs Broker

An organization authorized by the Federal Customs Service performing customs operations on behalf of and on behalf of an interested person, an importer or exporter (declarant), acting on his behalf and at his expense.

The Federal Customs Service keeps a register of customs representatives, and such companies issue a certificate of inclusion in the register. The certificate of inclusion in the register is valid indefinitely, subject to timely payment of customs duties and fees.

The competence of the customs representative includes the following procedures:

  • determination of the code of the transported goods in accordance with the commodity nomenclature of the foreign economic activity of the Eurasian Economic Union;
  • calculation of the customs value of the goods;
  • filling out the declaration for the goods;
  • payment of customs duties and payments (if it is provided for by the agreement between the customs representative and the declarant);
  • representation of the declarant's interests in customs authorities, etc.
Synonyms - Customs representative
Customs duties and taxes levied at flat rates
The amount of customs duties and taxes, calculated in respect of goods for personal use without separation into its constituent customs duties, taxes.
Customs duties and taxes levied in the form of an aggregate customs payment
The amount of customs duties and taxes calculated in relation to goods for personal use at the rates of customs duties and taxes applied in accordance with Article 53 of this Code.
Customs
Customs Member States.
Customs operations
Actions taken by persons and customs authorities in accordance with international treaties and acts in the field of customs regulation and (or) the legislation of the Member States on customs regulation.
Customs documents
Customs declaration and other documents prepared exclusively for customs operations and customs control, as well as during and as a result of customs operations and customs control.
Customs declaration of goods

Application to the customs authority using the customs declaration of information about the goods, the chosen customs procedure and (or) other information necessary for the release of goods. Goods are subject to customs declaration when placed under the customs procedure or in other cases established in accordance with TC EAEU.

Synonyms - Customs declaration
Customs declaration
Application to the customs authority using the customs declaration of information about the goods, the chosen customs procedure and (or) other information necessary for the release of goods.
Customs tariff regulation
The method of state regulation of foreign trade in goods, carried out by applying import and export customs duties.
Customs value
The cost of the goods from which customs payments will be calculated.
Customs duty

Mandatory payment levied by customs authorities in connection with the movement of goods across the customs border (customs borders may differ from state borders if states are members of economic or customs unions). Payment of customs duties is an essential condition for the import or export of goods and is provided by means of state coercion.

History of Customs Duties. In the Middle Ages, fees were called fees that were collected by cities, states and feudal lords for the use of roads and bridges, the maintenance of order, for conducting trials and performing other functions. There were duties for entry and movement across the territory (city, principality), as well as fees from merchants, who were at that time the main part of travelers.

The emergence of state duties, as state taxes, was associated with the emergence of the state with their sovereignty and state borders. Since the taxes began to be collected in favor of the state, they began to perform an important function of replenishing the state treasury and directly intervening in the economy, performing the function of state regulation of the economy.

Customs declaration
Customs document containing information about the goods and other information necessary for the release of goods.
SERTL
North - western regional customs laboratories.
FEZ
Free (special, special) economic zone, under the territory FEZ the whole territory of the FEZ or a part of the territory of the FEZ, in which, in accordance with the legislation of the Member State in whose territory the FEZ is established, customs clearance is applied
Subjects of military-technical cooperation

Russian organizations that have received the right to carry out foreign trade activities in relation to military products

Subject of foreign trade
The person indicated in the customs, transport and commercial documents as the recipient, the sender of the goods, the person responsible for the financial settlement, the declarant, principal, carrier (including customs), customs broker, owner TSW or a customs warehouse or another person carrying out activities in the field of customs.
Degree of risk
The result of a quantitative risk assessment.
Urgent risk profile

Risk profile, intended for prompt communication to officials carrying out customs clearance and customs control goods and vehicles, information on the need to apply risk mitigation measures to a certain consignment of goods and (or) vehicles until completion of customs clearance.

Risks contained in the urgent risk profiles are identified at the time of acceptance of the customs declaration (after assigning the registration number of the customs declaration) and at the time of activation of the electronic copy release function by the customs official DT after completion of filling out the report (if the report was filled out) using special software and (or) independently, based on the area of ​​risk in the presence of a letter or teletype message of the FCS of Russia containing urgent risk profile.

When amendments are made to the customs declaration at any stage of documentary control, the customs declaration is re-examined for the risks contained in the urgent risk profiles.

If the letter (teletype message) of the Federal Customs Service of Russia containing an urgent risk profile, arrived at the customs post after the customs declaration was made, measures to minimize risks provided for by the urgent risk profile are subject to application.

If customs operations with respect to goods have been completed by the customs authority before the urgent risk profile is received, the relevant coordinating unit of the FCS of Russia exercises departmental control of decisions made by the subordinate customs authority during customs control of a consignment of goods in accordance with the procedure for departmental control established by other legal acts of the FCS of Russia.

Based on the results of applying the urgent risk profile, the customs officer fills out the Report in accordance with the Rules for filling out the Report, or an accounting journal in cases established by this Instruction.

Medium-term risk profile
Risk profile with a validity period of 1 to 3 months.
SPB
St. Petersburg
Facilities, installations
Fixed in accordance with the project documentation for their creation at the location of underwater objects, floating drilling rigs, offshore floating platforms, other vessels, underwater structures, including wells, offshore fixed platforms, stationary
SZTU
North - West Customs Directorate.
SZRTL
North - western regional customs laboratories.
TSW
Temporary storage.
MOUTH TO
Regional Customs Office logistics.
MOUTH IN BTP
Regional Customs Office on combating customs offenses.
MOUTH DSO
Regional customs offices duty services and protection.
MOUTH BT
Regional Customs Office of Air Transport.
MOUTH
Regional Customs Office.
PTA
Russian Customs Academy.
RP
Registration Chamber.
Ritt
Regional Information Technology Customs Control
reimport

The customs regime in which goods previously exported from the customs territory of the Russian Federation are imported into the customs territory of the Russian Federation on time (subparagraph 2 of paragraph 1 of Article 235) without paying customs duties, taxes and without applying prohibitions and restrictions of an economic nature established in accordance with with the legislation of the Russian Federation on state regulation of foreign trade.

Regional risk profile

Risk profile applicable in the region where one MOUTH.

The decision to classify the risk profile as regional is made by the FCS of Russia.

The legal act of the FCS of Russia in relation to the risk profile is signed by the deputy chairman of the FCS of Russia, who oversees the Risk and Operational Control Department of the FCS of Russia or oversees the structural unit in whose area of ​​activity the risk is identified.

Risk Profile Type Code -12

PTS and PSHTS
Passport of the vehicle and the passport of the vehicle chassis.
Direct measures to minimize risks

A set of measures directly related to the release of goods using measures to minimize the risks of certain forms of customs control, carried out centrally and established by the TC TC, instructions on the actions of customs officials in the application of RMS and other regulatory legal acts of the FCS of Russia.

As direct measures are used:

  • customs control forms;
  • means of identification of goods and vehicles;
  • measures to ensure legislation in accordance with the customs transit procedure;
  • collection of information on persons engaged in the movement of goods and vehicles or activities in the field of customs;
  • other measures (examination of goods, vehicles and documents, a requirement for the presentation of goods upon their declaration, additional customs control prior to release of goods, unloading at a temporary storage warehouse, etc.).
Risk profile

The totality of information about the risk area, risk indicators, as well as measures to minimize risk, the risk profile contains instructions on the application of measures to minimize it.

Risk profiles are formed in the Central Office by special analytical groups based on information from various databases, not only of the customs authorities, but also of the tax, border, migration services, databases of product quality certificates.

Each risk profile is a description of generalized situations that could lead to violation of customs legislation. At the same time, risk indicators are highlighted in risk profiles.

Risk profiles are communicated to the customs authorities using software or on paper.

The only form of fixing risk profiles is the legal acts of the Federal Customs Service of Russia marked for official use (DSP).

Military products

Armament, military equipment, works, services, results of intellectual activity, including exclusive rights to them (intellectual property) and information in the military-technical field, with the exception of information that can be published in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation in the media , works of science, literature and art, promotional materials

Prypasы
Goods: necessary to ensure the normal operation and maintenance of watercrafts, aircraft and trains in their parking places and in transit, with the exception of spare parts and equipment or intended for consumption and (or
Преступления
Преступления or criminal offenses, the proceedings of which are under the jurisdiction of the customs authorities in accordance with the legislation of the Member States.
Preliminary information
Information in electronic form about the goods intended to be moved across the customs border of the union, vehicles of international transport carrying such goods, time and place of arrival of goods into the customs territory of the union, passengers, devices
DUTY

The fee levied by the relevant government agencies when they perform certain functions in the amounts stipulated by the legislation of the country.

Permanent risk profile

A risk profile with a validity period of more than 6 months.

PIB
Passport of barter transactions.
Moving goods across the customs border of the Union
Carrier
A person transporting (transporting) goods and (or) passengers across the customs border of the Union and (or) transporting (transporting) goods under customs control across the customs territory of the Union. when moving goods.
PGTD
Preliminary cargo customs declaration.
TRANSACTION PASSPORT

The basic currency control document issued by the exporter of commodities by a resident of the Russian Federation in a bank and containing the information on a foreign trade transaction set forth in a standardized form that is necessary to exercise this control.

Synonyms - PS
SEZ
Special Economic Zone.
Risk assessment
Actions to identify, analyze risk and determine the level of risk.
OFTK
The actual department of customs control.
OTSIA
Department of Customs Statistics and Analysis.
OTR
Customs Investigation Division.
TNA
Department of customs payments.
GR
Department of customs clearance.
ORTOFS
Department on work with goods circulation in federal ownership.
Orientation

Information about the risk of medium degree, to minimize which it is inappropriate to develop a risk profile due to the inaccuracy (wide scope) of such information. Orientation It does not contain instructions (recommendations) on the application of customs control forms and measures to minimize risks. The guidelines are communicated to the customs authorities as information used in the customs control of goods and vehicles.

Orientation is advisable, as a rule, in cases:

  • if as a result of the analysis of information by customs officials revealed a medium-level risk;
  • if, according to the results of the analysis of the effectiveness of the risk profile, its low efficiency is recognized, however, informing customs officials about the potential risk remains appropriate;
  • if necessary, to bring to the customs authorities information on mid-level risk on the basis of information received from other state bodies of the Russian Federation, as well as foreign customs services.

The orientation contains the following basic information:

  • orientation validity period (no more than three months);
  • the scope of the orientation (including risk indicators and customs authorities in which it is advisable to use the orientation);
  • narrative (description of information that is communicated to the customs authorities);
  • contact officer of the FCS of Russia authorized to give advice on the contents of the orientation (surname, initials, phone number, email address).

The information contained in the guidelines is taken into account when choosing and applying measures by customs authorities to minimize risks in accordance with their authority

Ltd.
Department of the inquiry.
ONEK
Department of non-tariff and expert control.
OKDT
Department delivery control.
ODTO
Documentary department of customs clearance.
OD
Department inquiry.
OGTD
Final cargo customs declaration.
Mandatory risk profile

Risk unconditionally applicable in all cases, including the movement of goods by a person included in the list of persons moving goods, in respect of whom the risk minimization measures contained in the risk profiles are not applied.

Risk Profile Code -55

Synonyms - mandatory risk profile
All-Russian risk profile

A risk profile that is valid throughout the customs territory of the Russian Federation or in individual customs authorities located in the region where different RTUs operate.

The decision to assign the risk profile to the all-Russian one is made by the FCS of Russia.

The legal act of the FCS of Russia in relation to the risk profile is signed by the chairman of the FCS of Russia or a person authorized by him.

Risk Profile Code -11

OBTP
The department for combating customs offenses.
Risk area

Separate grouped risk objects, in relation to which the application of separate forms of customs control or their combination is required, as well as improving the efficiency of the quality of customs administration.

LMC
Department on struggle against smuggling and customs offenses.
NTP
Violation of customs rules.
Unformalized risk profile

Risk profilesbrought to the customs authorities on paper, the risks of which are identified by the official independently, based on the area of ​​risk.

NET
The mass of goods, taking into account only the primary packaging or without any packaging.
Tariff regulation
The method of state regulation of foreign trade in goods, carried out by introducing quantitative restrictions and other prohibitions and restrictions of an economic nature.
Illegal movement of goods across the customs border of the Union
Moving goods across the customs border of the Union outside the places through which, in accordance with Article 10 of this Code, the movement of goods across the customs border of the union, or outside the working hours of the customs authorities, can
VAT
Value added tax.
NATB
The National Association of Customs Brokers.