Terminology glossaries used on this site

The number of entries in this glossary is 280.
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Glossaries

Term Definition
3PL (THIRD PARTY LOGISTICS)
The term is used when logistics services are purchased by a third party. The company providing services in the 3PL format assumes responsibility for the entire range of transport and logistics operations, including interaction with suppliers
Number of views - 8912
ADE
Agency Documentation Fee Exports. This service extends to the creation and processing of documents required at the place of dispatch in order to complete the shipment ie. Invoice (B / L), Purchase Order.
Number of views - 11051
ADI
Agency Documentation Fee imports. This service covers the creation and processing of documents required at the destination to complete the shipment ie. Invoice (B / L), Purchase Order.
Number of views - 11754
AI
Means that the cost of transportation includes all additional fees stipulated by the conditions of transportation. For example, if we are talking about freight on terms CY/ CY, this means that, in addition to freight, loading and unloading, all related r
Number of views - 7234
AMF
Transport Document Amendment Fee. A fee covering the additional costs incurred when the carrier is requested to change the transport document (B / L). These changes may include the following: - Information about the consignee - Address - Description of the goods. Please note that there may be restrictions on what stage of the delivery process carrier may make changes, for example. after loading containers that comply with transport documents (TPDoc), or after the start of import procedures. Not all change requests can be made.
Number of views - 7695
AMS
Automated Manifesto System. Automated manifest system (AMS) developed by US Customs to facilitate cargo arrival and release information between ship lines, airlines and rail carriers for imported goods, or
Number of views - 6839
B / L
BILL OF LADING. (Bill of lading) The contract of carriage by sea, a document confirming the fact of acceptance of the goods by the carrier for carriage by sea and the obligation to transfer it to the consignee at the port of destination, responsibility to the carrier for the correctness of the declared
Number of views - 10095
BAF

Bunker Adjustment Factor. Extra charge for bunker fuel calculated in USD per TEU (equivalent to 20-foot container)

Number of views - 9911
BOF

Basic ocean Freight. Sea freight

Number of views - 9286
BONDED WAREHOUSE
Warehouse under customs control, the goods which are stored without the imposition of state taxes: customs warehouse or temporary storage. 
Number of views - 9232
BOOKING NOTE
The application for transportation is used to reserve the place and container, the information specified in the application is not the basis for filling the bill of lading, after the application has been submitted, the applicant assumes the obligation to provide cargo by the deadline. 
Number of views - 7502
BREAK BULK
Transportation of small consignments without container. 
Number of views - 10377
CAF

Currency Adjustment Factor. Currency allowance. Additional fee to base freight rate calculated as a percentage of BOF, the value depends on the change in exchange rates. 

Number of views - 9940
CARGO MANIFEST
Cargo manifest. The document, which summarizes all the consignment of consignments, loaded on the vessel and contains all the basic data on the cargo on board the vessel.
Number of views - 7287
CBM
Cubic meter in the metric system. 
Number of views - 10278
CCD

Customs Clearance Destination. The service provided by the carrier for the preparation of customs clearance of documents and processing of formalities on behalf of the client. The carrier may use the 3rd batch of agents in certain locations at the destination. On the inside of the European freight service is applied at the request of the client, and when the client provides T2L documents.

Number of views - 7083
CCI
Cancellation Fee. This fee applies to each container in a confirmed order, which is not in the loading area, regardless of timing. This charge also applies when an 1 customer reduces the number of containers in an order, 2) transports or moves containers to another vessel, 3) cancels the order, 4) does not take proper action, and the container simply does not get onto the vessel.
Number of views - 9696
CCO
Customs Clearance Origin. The service offered by the carrier for the preparation of documents for customs clearance and the performance of relevant operations on behalf of the client. At some points, the carrier may resort to the services of intermediaries. For shipments within the European Union, the service is applicable at the request of the client and upon the provision of T2L documents to them.
Number of views - 7021
CFS

A consolidation warehouse, a freight container station, a freight container handling point for a transport company, or the costs of that warehouse.

 

Number of views - 6085
Synonyms - Container Freight Station
CHARTER RATES
The tariff applies to chartering a tonnage in a particular transaction.
Number of views - 11163
CLEARANCE
The document that the goods can be freely imported into the country after all legal requirements have been met.
Number of views - 13063
CLL
Cancellation Fee. This fee applies to each container in a confirmed order, which is not in the loading area, regardless of timing. This charge also applies when an 1 customer reduces the number of containers in an order, 2) transports or moves containers to another vessel, 3) cancels the order, 4) does not take proper action, and the container simply does not get onto the vessel.
Number of views - 9045
COC
Owned container carrier. 
Number of views - 7597
COLLECT FREIGHT
Freight payment to the carrier at the port of discharge or final destination. the consignee does not pay the cost of transportation if the goods have not arrived at their destination.
Number of views - 7502
COLLECTIVE PAPER
All documents (commercial invoices, invoices, etc.) are presented to the buyer in order to receive payment for transportation.
Number of views - 7053
COMBINE FEE
Collecting the costs in the case of a combined bill of lading (if two senders and more).
Number of views - 8525
COMBINED TRANSPORT
Number of views - 8883
COMMERCIAL INVOICE
Document created by the seller. This is an official document which is used to indicate among other things the name and address of the buyer and seller of the product (s) that are being transported and their value for customs insurance or other purposes.
Number of views - 9473
COMMODITIES
Any exchange article in trade is most often used to designate raw materials and agricultural products.
Number of views - 15385
COMMODITY CODE
Code describing product or a group of products related to the classification of goods. this code may be a tariff carrier or regulation in nature.
Number of views - 10606
CONCEALED DAMAGE
Damage is not visible from viewing unopened packaging.
Number of views - 9075
CONFERENCE
A group of vessel operators joined in order to establish a freight rate.
Number of views - 11481
CONFERENCE CARRIER
Number of views - 7705
CONSIGNEE
The recipient of the goods, the Person to whom the goods are transferred to the destination. 
Number of views - 7270
CONSIGNMENT
The goods are sent to a foreign agent when the actual purchase has not been made but when the consignee agrees to sell the goods.
Number of views - 10753
CONSIGNOR
Shipper goods or shipper traffic.
Number of views - 8436
ConsoliDATION
Collect smaller batches to form larger quantities in order to realize lower transportation rates.
Number of views - 9691
ConsoliDATION POINT
The place where consolidation takes place.
Number of views - 7518
ConsoliDATOR
An enterprise that provides group transportation services orders and / or goods to facilitate movement.
Number of views - 8130
ConsoliDATOR'S BILL OF LADING
The bill of lading issued by the unifier as a receipt for goods that will be grouped with the goods received from other shippers.
Number of views - 11105
CONTAINER
Number of views - 9428
CONTAINER CHASSIS
The vehicle is built for the purpose of transporting the container in such a way that when the container and chassis are assembled, the resulting unit serves as a road trailer.
Number of views - 6709
CONTAINER DEPOT
Storage room for empty containers.
Number of views - 9791
CONTAINER FREIGHT STATION CHARGE
The fee is assessed for services performed during loading or unloading place.
Number of views - 9153
CONTAINER ID
Identifier assigned to the container using media.
Number of views - 7977
CONTAINER MANIFEST
A document showing the contents and loading sequence of the container.
Number of views - 8202
CONTAINER TERMINAL
The area intended for stowage of cargo in a container is usually accessible by road transport by rail and sea. here the containers picked up landed is maintained and placed.
Number of views - 8462
CONTAINER VESSEL
Vessel specially designed for the transport of containers.
Number of views - 7022
CONTAINER YARD
The place specified by the carrier for receiving the storage, storage and delivery of containers and where containers can be picked up by shippers or consignees are re-delivered using.
Number of views - 6910
CONTAINERIZATION
The technique of using a box-shaped device in which the number of packages is kept protected and processed as a unit along the way.
Number of views - 10321
COUNTERTRADE
A reciprocal trade agreement which includes a series of operations involving two or more parties.
Number of views - 6790
CUBE OUT
The situation when a part of the equipment has reached volumetric capacity before reaching the permissible weight limit.
Number of views - 7762
CUBIC CAPACITY
Capacity of a piece of equipment as measured in cubic feet.
Number of views - 8723
CUSTOMER
An enterprise that uses services as provided by another enterprise.
Number of views - 10376
CUSTOMER ORDER
Number of views - 7520
Customs

Customs, the State Service which is responsible for the administration of customs legislation and the collection of duties and taxes, as well as for the application of other laws and regulations relating to the importation, exportation, movement or storage of goods.

Number of views - 9660
CUSTOMS BROKER

Customs brokers can be hired or associated with freight forwarders, independent businesses or shipping lines, importers, exporters, merchants and customs brokerage firms.

Customs brokers prepare and submit documentation for notification or obtaining permission from the Customs to release goods. Many customs brokers specialize in certain goods, such as clothing, perishable goods, or crew clearing and the manifesto of large cargo ships.

Number of views - 16380
CUSTOMS CLEARANCE

Customs clearance, clearance of customs duties (completion of the necessary formalities arising in connection with the movement of goods and vehicles across the customs border of a given country, includes customs clearance, customs payments, and is a necessary condition for goods to be released into free circulation in the country)

Number of views - 8608
CUSTOMS INVOICE

Customs invoices are a critical component of export documentation. The invoices indicate the buyer and seller of the goods, the description of the items, their cost, and the conditions or proposed terms of sale. Many governments use invoices to calculate and assess customs duties and taxes.

Number of views - 9012
Custom shades

Customs value, this is the total value of all items in a commercial consignment of goods, which determines how much import duties must be paid by the recipient. For example, if you are shipping 100 tables, each of which is priced at $ 35 (or local currency equivalent), then you must enter a customs value of $ 3500.

Number of views - 7078
CUT OFF TIME
The control time of delivery of goods to terminal and registration of relevant documents for the flight. 
Number of views - 7976
CY

Container terminal.

1. Place of storage of containers before / after their further shipment.

2. The condition of carriage at departure / arrival - means that forwarder assumes responsibility for arranging transportation from / to CY; the cost of transportation includes services for sending from / to CY (freight, loading / unloading from a vessel, placement on CY).

Number of views - 10210
Synonyms - Сontainer yard
DANGEROUS GOODS
Products or substances capable of posing a serious threat to health, safety or property, and which usually require special attention during transport.
Number of views - 11765
DDF
Documentation Fee - Destination. This service covers the creation and processing of all standard transport documentation (delivery order).
Number of views - 7085
DECLARED VALUE FOR CARRIAGE
Cost the goods are declared by the consignor on the bill of lading in order to determine the freight rate or the limit of the carrier’s liability.
Number of views - 10564
DECONSOLIDATOR
An enterprise that provides un-group services for ordering goods, etc. to facilitate distribution.
Number of views - 9510
DEFERRED REBATE
Number of views - 11671
DELIVERY INSTRUCTIONS
Document issued on the carrier to pick up the goods in place and deliver them to another place.
Number of views - 8870
DELIVERY ORDER
The document issued by the customs broker for the sea carrier as the authority to release the cargo on the relevant side.
Number of views - 7169
DEMURRAGE
Penalty for excess free time provided for loading / unloading in accordance with the terms of the contract with the carrier. demurrage it is a term used in the railway and ocean industry
Number of views - 8765
DENSITY
The physical characteristic of measuring the mass of a commodity per unit volume or pounds per cubic foot is an important factor in ratemaking since density affects the use of the carrier’s vehicle.
Number of views - 8591
DENSITY RATE
Speed ​​based on density and weight of shipment.
Number of views - 9914
DETENTION
The penalty for exceeding the free time provided for loading / unloading in accordance with the terms of the contract with the carrier. detention is a term used in the automotive industry
Number of views - 8371
DEVANNING
Unloading cargo from a container or other equipment.
Number of views - 8736
DOC FEE
Making "Bill of Lading" (bill of lading)
Number of views - 9772
DOCUMENTS AGAINST ACCEPTANCE
D / a. instructions given by the shipper to the bank, indicating that the documents transfer the ownership of the goods must be delivered to the buyer only after the buyer has accepted the attached project.
Number of views - 8995
DOCUMENTS AGAINST PAYMENT
D / p. an indication on the draft that the documents are attached to the release to the payer only for payment.
Number of views - 10054
DOOR
Delivery to the door. The condition of transportation upon departure / arrival means that the forwarder assumes the responsibility for organizing transportation to / from the entrance doors / warehouse of the sender / recipient; transportation cost includes shipping services from / to the entrance
Number of views - 9015
DPI

During Production Inspection - checking to identify problems, manufacturing defects, product flaws. This inspection is most effective at the initial, 30% stage of manufacturing a batch of goods.

Number of views - 10343
Synonyms - During Production Inspection
DROP-OFF CHARGE
The fee for the return container belonging to the carrier, in being the place of destination specified in the bill of lading of the carrier. 
Number of views - 10684
DTHC

Destination Terminal Handling Charges. The unloading costs at the port of destination cover the cost of handling the container at the port of destination or terminal. This service is applicable for all cargo.

 

Number of views - 10352
Synonyms - DHC
ESD
Submission of Cargo Declaration - Export. Export data declaration service (ESD) to local customs on behalf of the client. The carrier mediates between customs and the client to ensure the provision of the necessary documents at the indicated time. EDD is not applicable to transit cargo, cargo delivered with transshipment, or the remainder of cargo on board (FROB), although the carrier must still submit a declaration to local authorities.
Number of views - 7280
EDI

Under the abbreviation EDI understand Electronic Data Interchange or Electronic Data Sharing. This is sending and receiving information using computer technology.

Number of views - 8040
Synonyms - Electronic Data Interchange
EMBARGO
Ban on exports or imports with either specific products or specific countries.
Number of views - 6477
ENS
Entry Summary Declaration. From 1 January 2011, all shipments entering the European Union must be issued with a Declaration (ENS) presented at least 24 hours before loading. The main objective is the risk of assessing the cargo before it arrives in the EU.
Number of views - 7707
ENTRY FORM
The document that must be filed with the customs in order to obtain the exemption of imported goods and to ensure the collection of duties and statistics. also called customs registration form or entry.
Number of views - 6605
EQUIPMENT
Rolling stock carriers are used to facilitate the transport services they provide including containers of truck chassis ships and aircraft among others.
Number of views - 11209
ERI
Ecological and Radiological Services. Service Organization environmental and / or radiological screening at the request of the customer and / or regulatory requirements in some countries.
Number of views - 7820
ETA
Estimated date of arrival. 
Number of views - 7529
ETD
Expected date of departure. 
Number of views - 8264
EXA
Examination Service. A service in which the carrier arranges for an appropriate container inspection, e.g. VACIS / X-ray / scanner. The service is provided in the following cases: - Customer request; - Customs / security rules and / or legal requirements; - type of cargo requiring verification; - State legislation requiring verification. The carrier contacts the appropriate authorities (such as U.S. Customs) to arrange for an inspection when and if necessary, and finds out its cost.
Number of views - 6627
EXCEPTION RATE
Abnormal class
Number of views - 7130
EXCHANGE FEE FOR CIP
Inspection inspection.
Number of views - 9592
Synonyms - COMMODITY INSPECTION PAPER
EXCLUSIVE PATRONAGE AGREEMENTS
The consignor agrees to use only a member of the company’s liner conference in exchange for a reduction of 10 to 15 percent rate.
Number of views - 8388
EXP
Export Service. This service covers the provision and implementation of export services, including, but not limited to, the provision of equipment, the receipt of notifications of acceptance, transfer and loading.
Number of views - 8693
EXPEDITING
Determining where the cargo is on the way and trying to expedite its delivery.
Number of views - 8379
EXPORT BROKER
An enterprise that brings together sellers and buyers for a fee, then eventually refuses the deal.
Number of views - 8018
EXPORT LICENSE
A document secured by the government to allow the exporter to export a certain quantity of controlled goods in a specific country. license export is often required if the government places an embargo or other export restrictions.
Number of views - 8521
EXPORT SALES CONTRACT
Original document in any international transaction
Number of views - 7530
FAIR RETURN
The level of profit allows the operator to realize the rate of return on investment or the value of the property that regulators deem acceptable for a given level of risk.
Number of views - 10746
FAIR VALUE
The cost of the carrier’s property calculation basis includes the historical cost less depreciation of replacement cost and market value.
Number of views - 9922
FCL
Full container load one consignor to one consignee. 
Number of views - 9315
FEEDER
Feeder. Ship / line serving ports remote from the main transport hubs.  
Number of views - 7624
FEEDER SERVICE
Cargo to / from regional ports are transferred to / from the central port of the hub for sea travel over long distances.
Number of views - 8077
FEEDER VESSEL
A short sea vessel that carries cargo between the central hub and the port of the smaller 'talking' ports.
Number of views - 9428
FEU

The Fourty-foot Equivalent Unit is a unit of measure equal to the volume occupied by a standard 40-foot container. One 40 Foot Container FEU equal to two 20-foot TEUs.

Number of views - 9232
FI
Free from loading. The condition of carriage at departure means that the freight does not take into account the cost of loading onto the ship. 
Number of views - 7086
FIELD WAREHOUSE
The warehouse in which the goods are stored on the property of the owner of the goods while the goods are held in custody by a bona fide public warehouse manager. the owner uses open warehouse receipts as collateral for a loan.
Number of views - 10854
FIFO
Without loading and unloading without - the rate is given only by sea freight, excluding loading at the port of origin and unloading at the port of destination.
Number of views - 11849
Synonyms - FREE IN / FREE OUT
FILL RATE
The percentage of order items that the operation actually found was a charge.
Number of views - 9614
FILO

Free in liner out. Without loading, but with unloading - the rate includes sea freight and unloading at the port of destination, but does not include loading at the port of departure. Identical conditions FOB in terms Incoterms.

Loading by the consignor, unloading - by the shipowner

Number of views - 8225
Synonyms - FREE IN / LINER OUT
WIRES
Loading / unloading by the consignor
Number of views - 7722
Synonyms - FREE IN / OUT
FIXED COSTS
Costs that do not change with the volume of business in the short term.
Number of views - 11825
FIXED QUANTITY INVENTORY MODEL
From the settings of which the company orders the same (fixed) quantity each time it places an order for a position.
Number of views - 6733
FLEXIBLE-PATH EQUIPMENT
Materials handling devices that include hand trucks and forklifts.
Number of views - 8726
FLOW RACK
A data storage method where the product is presented to collecting operations at one end of the rack and replenished from the opposite end.
Number of views - 9973
FO
Free from unloading. The condition of transportation at the destination means that the freight does not take into account the cost of unloading from the vessel. 
Number of views - 8442
FOR (Destination station)
Destination station The condition of carriage upon arrival means that the agreed freight rate does not include the cost of unloading cargo from the platform / car, wagon cleaning, etc. 
Number of views - 10716
FOR (Departure station)
Departure station. Available on the wagon / on the platform the condition of carriage upon departure means that the agreed freight rate does not include the cost of loading the platform / wagon, fitting the wagons, etc. 
Number of views - 8753
FOR-HIRE CARRIER
A carrier that provides transportation services for the population for a fee.
Number of views - 8631
The Federal Customs Service and the Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation have approved an electronic check format for returning VAT to foreign citizens when exporting goods purchased in Russia.
00:15 01-12-2020 More detail ...