Certification Terms

The number of entries in this glossary is 72.
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Glossaries

Term Definition
Standard unit of magnitude
A measuring instrument designed to reproduce and store a unit of magnitude (its multiple or partial values) in order to transmit its size to other means of measurement of a given quantity.
Number of views - 5577
emergency action
Urgent phytosanitary actiontaken in a new or unexpected phytosanitary situation [ICPM, 2001]
Number of views - 9346
Emergency measure
Phytosanitary measure established in an emergency (emergency) procedure in a new or unexpected phytosanitary situation. Emergency measure may or may not be a temporary measure [VKFM, 2001, VKFM, 2005].
Number of views - 8378
Accreditation Expert
A person who performs all or some of the functions of accreditation and certification of organizations, the competence of which is recognized by the accrediting body.
Number of views - 5590
Ecological aspect of activity
An element of an organization’s activities, its products or services, related to the interaction with the environment.
Number of views - 6135
Central Certification Authority
Authority leading the certification system for homogeneous products.
Number of views - 6092
Chemical pressure impregnation
Processing of wood preservative chemicals under pressure in accordance with an official technical specification [ISPM № 15, 2002]
Number of views - 8694
Fumigation
chemical processing, reaching this product wholly or mainly in a gaseous state [FAO, 1990; revised FAO, 1995)
Number of views - 9147
FSTEC

The Federal Service for Technical and Export Control is a federal executive body of Russia that implements state policy, organizes interdepartmental coordination and interaction, special and control functions in the field of state security.

Number of views - 11917
Phytosanitary certificate

International official document issued by state plant protection authorities, which characterizes the phytosanitary state of a consignment subject to phytosanitary regulations [FAO, 1990]

Number of views - 5450
phytosanitary action
The official operation such as inspection, testing, surveillance or treatment, undertaken to implement phytosanitary regulations or procedures [ICPM, 2001)
Number of views - 7550
phytosanitary regulations
Official rule to prevent the introduction and / or spread of quarantine pests or to limit the economic damage from regulated non-quarantine pests, in particular, the establishment of procedures for phytosanitary certifications
Number of views - 10057
phytosanitary procedure
Officially prescribed method for implementing phytosanitary regulations, including inspection, testing, surveillance or treatments for regulated pests [FAO, 1990; revised FAO; 1995; CEPM, 1999; ICPM, 2001]
Number of views - 6937
Phytosanitary measure (adopted interpretation)
Legislation, regulation or official procedure aimed at preventing the introduction and / or spread of quarantine pests, or at limiting the economic damage from regulated non-quarantine pests [FAO, 199
Number of views - 10757
Requirements for operation (repair, disposal)
Concerning the rules of preparation and commissioning, the order of installation (for relevant products), maintenance of the main conditions of use. meeting these requirements will ensure the performance and safety of the product in accordance with its
Number of views - 7449
Marking Requirements
Concerning the place of its application (for products, labels, packaging and containers); method of application (engraving, stamping, etc.) and content. if necessary, use warning labeling regarding the conditions of use, transportation, storage,
Number of views - 4699
RF CCI

The Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Russia is the Russian Chamber of Commerce, a voluntary non-governmental association of entrepreneurs operating in accordance with a special federal law. It unites more than several hundred territorial chambers of commerce and other associations and associations of Russian entrepreneurs, and its direct members are separate commercial and non-profit organizations.

Number of views - 8009
Synonyms - CCI
Product
Type of plants, plant products or other objects are moved to the commercial or other purpose [FAO, 1990; revised ICPM, 2001]
Number of views - 32630
Technical regulation

Legal regulation of relations (Article 2 of the Federal Law of December 27.12.2002, 184 No. XNUMX-FZ “On Technical Regulation”);

  • in the field of establishing, applying and executing mandatory requirements for products or products and design-related processes (including surveys) related to product requirements, production, construction, installation, commissioning, operation, storage, transportation, sale and disposal;
  • on the voluntary application of product requirements, design processes (including surveys), production, construction, installation, commissioning, operation, storage, transportation, sale and disposal, performance of works or provision of services (this area is absent within the Eurasian Economic Union;
  • in the area of ​​conformity assessment.

Technical regulation there is nothing more than standardization based on a combination of the current European model and GOSTs, familiar to every manufacturer of goods and services. The basis of those. regulation is Technical Regulations, developed taking into account the recommended standards and the subsequent assessment of compliance with the standards of products, production processes, technologies or services. The main task of technical regulation is to protect the interests of legal entities and individuals, the state and natural resources by releasing products, technologies and services that meet regulated standards, rules and regulations.

Number of views - 8953
Synonyms - those. regulation
Technical Regulations

The document, which was adopted by an international treaty of the Russian Federation, subject to ratification in the manner established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, or in accordance with the international treaty of the Russian Federation, ratified in the manner established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, or by federal law, or by decree of the President of the Russian Federation, or by a decree of the Government of the Russian Federation, or regulatory legal act of the federal executive body for technical regulation and establishes mandatory for the application and execution of requirements for technical of regulation (products or the products and related requirements for the design of production processes (including research), manufacturing, construction, installation, commissioning, operation, storage, transportation, sale and disposal).

Number of views - 9346
Heat treatment
Process by which product heats up to a minimum temperature for a minimum period of time in accordance with the officially recognized technical specification [ISPM No. 15, 2002]
Number of views - 10573
Certification scheme (form, method)
A definite set of actions officially accepted as evidence of compliance of products with specified requirements.
Number of views - 9214
Country of Origin
The country in which the product was fully manufactured or sufficiently processed / processed.
Number of views - 8900
Environmental Management System
The part of the general management system, which includes the organizational structure, planning activities, distribution of responsibilities, practical work, procedures, processes and resources for the development, implementation, achievement of goals, assessment of achievements in
Number of views - 5430
Certification of homogeneous products
A certification system relating to a specific product group, for which the same specific standards and rules and the same procedure apply.
Number of views - 6250
Staff certification
Determination of the quality characteristics of personnel requirements of domestic and / or international standards.
Number of views - 6693
Certification (certification of goods)
The activities of a third party, independent of the manufacturer (seller) and consumer products, to confirm the conformity of products with the established requirements.
Number of views - 7562
Certification Center
A legal entity authorized to simultaneously perform the functions of a certification body and testing laboratory.
Number of views - 7277
Synonyms - Certification Center
Certificate of conformity

A document certifying the compliance of an object with the requirements of technical regulations, provisions of standards, sets of rules or contract terms.

Number of views - 10450
Certificate of origin
A document clearly indicating the country of origin of goods and issued by a state authority
Number of views - 5269
Synonyms - Certificate of Origin
Free from (about loads, field or place of production)
Without pests (or a specific pest) in quantities that can be detected with the use of phytosanitary procedures [FAO, 1990; revised FAO, 1995; CEPM, 1999]
Number of views - 9600
Certificate of State Registration

An official document issued by the territorial departments of Rospotrebnadzor and confirming the permission by the bodies and institutions of the Department of State Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation of production or import of products that meet the established requirements.

It serves as an official confirmation of the safety of products for human health in accordance with the uniform rules and sanitary standards of the Eurasian Economic Union (Customs Union), a document is issued for a period of up to 5 years.

Issued for finished products after hygiene tests in an accredited laboratory. By a decision of the Customs Union Commission No. 299 in 2010, a single list of products subject to state registration was approved.

SGR required for some cosmetics, household chemicals, baby food, medical products, hygiene products, underwear for children, some types of food and so on. The issued document is valid on the territory of the countries of the Customs Union.

You can check whether a certificate of state registration has been issued for the product you are interested in, whether registration of the CGR for the product is required, you can on the official website or by clicking on the link.

Number of views - 1778
Synonyms - SGR
RPPO

Regional plant quarantine and plant protection organizations are intergovernmental organizations that have the function of coordinating bodies for national plant quarantine and plant protection organizations (NPPOs) at the regional level. Not all sides IPPC are members RPPO and, conversely, not all RPPO members have signed the IPPC. Some parties are members of several RPPOs.

Currently there are 9 RPKR:

  • Asian and Pacific Plant Protection and Quarantine Commission (APFCM)
  • Andean Community (AS) Southern Cone Plant Health Committee (CROC)
  • European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO)
  • Inter-African Phytosanitary Council (IAFS)
  • Middle East Plant Protection and Plant Protection Organization (BIAO)
  • North American Plant Protection Organization (NAOP)
  • International Regional Organization for Plant and Animal Health (IROID)
  • Pacific Plant Protection Organization (TOKZR)
Number of views - 9890
Synonyms - RPPO
Regional Organization for Standardization
An organization whose membership is open to the relevant national authority of each country of only one geographical, political or economic region.
Number of views - 4364
Vegetable products
Unprocessed material of plant origin (including grain), as well as processed products that, by their nature or by the method of processing, may pose a risk of introduction and spread of pests [FAO, 1990; revised
Number of views - 9226
regulated article
Any plant, plant product, storage location, packaging, vehicle, container, soil, and any other organism, object, or material that can serve as a place of shelter for pests or contribute to their distribution, in relation to
Number of views - 11556
Recycled wood material
The product is composed of a timber by using glue, heat, pressure, or a combination of these techniques [ISPM № 15, 2002]
Number of views - 9705
Conformity assessment
Any procedure directly or indirectly used to determine product compliance with technical regulations or standards is often confirmed by certification. The conformity assessment procedure can include: sampling, testing
Number of views - 7673
peeled
Removing bark from round wood (warping doesn't necessarily mean that wood becomes bark free) [FAO, 1990]
Number of views - 10054
Notification

A document containing information on cryptographic algorithms and key lengths to be registered with the Federal Security Service of Russia (or an authorized body of a Member State EAEU) and confirming that the encryption (cryptographic) device can be imported into the territory of the EAEU or removed from it.

Notification It is compiled and signed by the manufacturer of the goods (or his authorized representative) and is registered with the Center of Central Security Service of the Federal Security Service of Russia.

The procedure for registration of the notification, as well as the list of categories falling under the notification, is specified in Appendix No. 2 and Appendix No. 4 to Appendix No. 9 of the Decision ECE № 30.

Based on the notification clause, 12 product categories are distinguished, the technical and cryptographic characteristics of which are subject to notification.

Number of views - 10241
Normative document
The document, which sets out the rules established in the standardization process, principles, characteristics relating to various types of activities or their results, available to a wide range of users interested in it.
Number of views - 6406
Regulatory documents for products submitted for mandatory certification
Laws of the Russian Federation, state standards, sanitary norms and rules, building norms and rules, other documents that, in accordance with legislation, establish requirements for the safety of products and services.
Number of views - 3745
NPPOs

National Organization for Plant Protection Organization [FAO, 1995; ICPM, 2001]

Number of views - 9080
Synonyms - NPPO
Non-tariff measures

The combination of various measures and measures of trade, financial, administrative, environmental policy, health policy and other policies aimed at regulating foreign trade, as well as creating obstacles in foreign trade, but not related to customs and tariff methods of state regulation. (Appendix No. 7 to the Treaty on the EAEU. Protocol on measures of non-tariff regulation in relation to third countries).

In accordance with international agreements non-tariff measures apply as an exception to the general rule of free trade in the following cases:

  • The introduction of temporary quantitative restrictions on the export or import of certain goods, caused by the need to protect the national market;
  • The implementation of a permit for the export or import of certain goods that may adversely affect the security of the state, the life or health of citizens, the property of individuals or legal entities, state or municipal property, the environment, the life or health of animals and plants;
  • Fulfillment of international obligations;
  • Introduction of the exclusive right to export or import certain goods;
  • The introduction of special protective, anti-dumping and countervailing measures;
  • Protection of public morality and the rule of law;
  • Protection of cultural property Ensuring national security.
Number of views - 10326
Synonyms - Non-tariff measure
Tariff regulation

A set of measures to regulate foreign trade in goods carried out by introducing quantitative and other prohibitions and restrictions of an economic nature, which are established by international treaties of the EAEU member states, decisions of the EAEU Commission and regulatory acts of the EAEU member states issued in accordance with the international treaties of the EAEU member states .

В TKEAES there is no such definition, there is only a collective concept - "bans and restrictions"which combine both non-tariff regulation measures and other measures (technical, sanitary, veterinary, etc.).

Measures of state regulation of foreign trade are classified into:

  • Economic - customs tariff measures (change in the value of customs duties). Some non-tariff regulation measures that have an impact on the volume of foreign trade deliveries indirectly, through market mechanisms, leading to higher prices for imported and exported goods. Among those non-tariff measures include: anti-dumping, countervailing, special duties; VAT and excise taxes, foreign exchange regulations, etc;
  • Administrative - licensing and quoting of foreign trade activities, embargo, state monopoly on foreign trade, measures of technical regulation, veterinary, phytosanitary control, etc.

There are various classifications of non-tariff barriers developed by both international organizations and individual researchers.

Tariff regulation foreign trade in goods can be carried out only in cases stipulated by the articles 21 - 24, 26 and 27 of the Federal Law N 164-ФЗ from 08.12.2003 N 164-ФЗ (as amended by 28.11.2018) "On the basics of state regulation of foreign trade activities"

Number of views - 9619
Untreated wood
Wood has not passed the processing or treatment [ISPM № 15, 2002]
Number of views - 8895
IPPC

The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is the 1952 international plant protection agreement that aims to protect both cultivated and wild plants by preventing the introduction and spread of pests. 182 parties have signed the convention.

Number of views - 9894
Synonyms - IPPC
International Organization for Standardization
An organization whose membership is open to the relevant national certification body for goods of any country.
Number of views - 6628
Marking of ISPMs

Internationally recognized as the official seal or stamp on the regulated articles, certifying its phytosanitary status [ISPM № 15, 2002]

Number of views - 7459
EAC marking

EAC (Eurasian Conformity) is a uniform mark of product circulation on the market of the Customs Union member states.

Number of views - 10578
Synonyms - EAC markings
License

In Russia, the Ministry of Industry and Trade is the state body issuing licenses for goods restricted for importation or exportation.

The licensed activity is

  1. development, production, distribution of encryption (cryptographic) means, information systems and telecommunication systems, protected using encryption (cryptographic) means,
  2. performance of work, rendering services in the field of information encryption,
  3. maintenance of encryption (cryptographic) tools, information systems and telecommunication systems protected using encryption (cryptographic) tools

To obtain a license from the Ministry of Industry and Trade, you must obtain a License for the right to carry out this type of activity in the FSB of Russia

Licensing is carried out in accordance with the Federal Law dated 4 of May 2011, No. 99-ФЗ “On Licensing Certain Types of Activities”. The licensing procedure is defined by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 16 of April 2012 No. 313 “On licensing activities for the development, production, distribution of encryption (cryptographic) tools, information systems and telecommunication systems protected using encryption (cryptographic) tools, performance of work, rendering services in the field of information encryption, maintenance of encryption (cryptographic) tools, information systems and telecommunication systems m, protected using encryption (cryptographic) means (except if maintenance of encryption (cryptographic) means, information systems and telecommunication systems protected using encryption (cryptographic) means, is carried out to meet the own needs of a legal entity or an individual entrepreneur) ".

Licenses are granted by the Center for Licensing, Certification and Protection of State Secrets of the FSB of Russia (TsLZZ FSB of Russia)

Number of views - 12152
Suitability / Recycling Criterion
One of the principles for determining the country of origin of goods, in accordance with which a product, if two or more countries participate in its production, is considered to originate from the country where it was last subjected to substantial processing / processing,
Number of views - 5409
dunnage
Wood is designed to protect or hardware product, but does not remain associated with the very commodity [FAO, 1990; revised ISPM № 15, 2002]
Number of views - 7000
Quarantine pest
A pest that has potential economic importance for a zone at risk, in which it is absent or present, but is limited in scope and serves as an object of official control [FAO, 1990; revised by FAO, 1995; IPPC, 1
Number of views - 8721
Chamber drying
A process in which wood is dried in a closed room with the help of heat and / or humidity control to achieve the desired water content [ISPM № 15, 2002]
Number of views - 11143
Inspection control over certified products
Control conformity assessment, the purpose of which is to establish that products continue to meet specified requirements, confirmed by certification.
Number of views - 6708
Identification
The procedure by which the conformity of products to the requirements that apply to it (to this type or type) in regulatory or information documents is established.
Number of views - 7741
Mark of conformity
Legally registered certification mark used in accordance with the third-party certification procedure for products (services) that are in full compliance with the requirements of the regulatory document used for certification.
Number of views - 4458
Infection (goods)
Presence in a commodity of a living organism harmful to plants or plant products. Infestation includes infection. [CEPM, 1997; revised CEPM, 1999]
Number of views - 8396
FSTEC Conclusion

Authorization documents are drawn up according to a simpler procedure and do not require the provision of legalized documents, such as a power of attorney from the manufacturer or the notification itself.

This document can be issued in the absence of ECE registry information about a previously registered notification and the inability to issue it. and when importing goods and according to a number of special customs procedures (in particular, according to the procedure of temporary import, with subsequent export), as well as imported for the applicant's own needs.

It is important to note that the import or export of such goods for their own needs is allowed without the right to distribute these goods and provide services in the field of encryption (cryptography) with their help to third parties.

Number of views - 9435
Wood packaging materials
Wood or wood products (excluding paper products) used in supporting, protecting or product packaging (including retaining timber) [ISPM № 15, 2002]
Number of views - 11705
Wood-free crust
Wood from which all bark is removed, except for the cambium, ingrown bark around knots and bark depressions between the annual growth rings [ISPM № 15, 2002]
Number of views - 7219
Wood
Product category indicating a round timber, lumber, wood chips or dunnage with or without bark [FAO, 1990; revised ICPM, 2001]
Number of views - 8707
Certificate holder
Organization or sole proprietor whose name is issued Certificate of Conformity received after passing the certification procedure
Number of views - 4532
Declaration of Conformity

A document certifying the compliance of the product being released into circulation with the requirements of technical regulations.

Number of views - 9177
State Register of Certification Systems
The official list of registered certification systems.
Number of views - 6600
Identification (of a pest)
Identify the pest during inspection or testing of the imported cargo [FAO; 1990; revised CEPM, 1996]
Number of views - 7996
Veterinary certificate
Sanitary document certifying the contamination of imported livestock (live and beaten), poultry (live and bat), products of their processing and confirming that they originate from uninfected areas. The competence of the State veterinary supervision includes the provision of input
Number of views - 5124
PRA
Pest risk analysis [FAO, 1995]
Number of views - 9577
Pest risk analysis
The process of evaluating biological or other scientific and economic evidence to determine the need to regulate the pest and strictness phytosanitary measures against it [FAO, 1990; revised IPPC, 1997]
Number of views - 8066
Accreditation
Official recognition that a testing laboratory is competent to carry out tests or specific types of tests prior to certification of products or services; procedure by which an authorized in accordance with the legislative act
Number of views - 8481
SDS

Product safety data sheet is a document included in the technical documentation for chemical products. The passport contains information on the properties, hazards of the substance and the main risks associated with its use. The safety data sheet is drawn up and registered before the goods are delivered to the market. 

The safety data sheet is indefinite and is not subject to registration. The text of the passport is drawn up in the official language of the country on the territory of which the chemical products are circulating, but if necessary, it can be translated into any language.

Until 2017, the name (Material) Safety was used Data Sheet is now being read out of date. Currently, in the regulatory documents of various countries, including the United States, the abbreviation is used SDS (Safety Data Sheet). 

The presence of a safety data sheet is one of the requirements for the supply of chemical products to most countries of the world. In terms of format and content, SDS must comply with the legal requirements of the particular country / region where deliveries are planned. SDS is required for carrying out cargo transportation, passing the customs border and obtaining licenses / certificates for chemical products.

The safety data sheet is registered for three or five years, depending on the hazard class of the product. Products belonging to 3 and 4 classes are registered for 5 years, to 1 and 2 classes - for 3 years.

Number of views - 700
Synonyms - MSDS
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