Terminology glossaries used on this site

The number of entries in this glossary is 157.
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Glossaries

Term Definition
Automated Risk Profiles

Risk profilesbrought to the customs authorities in electronic form, risk area which is partially defined in the software, and applied by decision of the official after checking individual risk indicators.

Number of views - 5943
Synonyms - Risk profiles identified automatically
Automatic risk profiles
Risk profiles communicated to the customs authorities in electronic form, the risks of which are identified without the participation of an official by software.
Number of views - 3242
Synonyms - Risk profiles automatically detected
Ad valorem

Comes from lat. ad valorem which means - from the cost. Determined as a percentage of the customs value of goods. For example, 10% of the customs value.

More profitable for taxing more expensive goods and less profitable for homogeneous goods. 

Customs value declared by the declarant, and the information formally submitted by him must be based on reliable, quantifiable information. In reality, there may be a disadvantage, there may be a certain understatement of the customs value under the contract and, as a result, a decrease in the volume of taxes received.

Number of views - 905
Synonyms - Ad valorem duties, Ad valorem rate
Risk profile update
Changing the risk area of ​​existing risk profiles, the list of measures to minimize risks, as well as extending the duration of risk profiles.
Number of views - 6646
EXCISE
Additional charges.
Number of views - 10513
Risk analysis
Using the information available to the customs authorities to determine the area and risk indicators.
Number of views - 4648
AU FTC
Automated control system for the delivery of goods.
Number of views - 10279
AIH
Association of International Road Carriers.
Number of views - 9886
SUA FOISP
Bulletin of normative acts of federal executive bodies.
Number of views - 9711
GROSS
The total mass of the goods, including all types of packaging, necessary to ensure the invariance of their condition until it enters the turnover, but excluding containers and other transport equipment
Number of views - 11981
VGTD
Temporary Cargo Customs declaration.
Number of views - 12068
Military technical cooperation

Activities in the field of international relations related to the export and import, including the supply or purchase, of military products, as well as the development and production of military products

Number of views - 9871
Temporary import (export)

customs regimein which the use of goods is allowed with full or partial exemption from customs duties, taxes and without applying economic policy measures. To be returned in unchanged condition. Temporary import (export) goods is allowed only upon the provision of an obligation to re-export (import) and ensure payment of customs duties. The terms of temporary importation are established by the customs body of the Russian Federation and cannot be more than 2 years.

Number of views - 2743
VTT
Domestic Customs Transit.
Number of views - 6646
Release of goods for domestic consumption

The customs regime in which goods imported into the customs territory of the Russian Federation remain in this territory without an obligation to export them back.

Number of views - 4332
FEA
Foreign economic activity.
Number of views - 12371
WEC RUSSIA
Federal Service for Currency and Export Control.
Number of views - 9730
Harmonized system of description and coding of goods

Standardized system of coding and description of goods. Goods are classified both by their intended purpose (clothing, weapons, etc.) and by sectors of the economy (textile products, animals and livestock products, etc.).

Highlighted categories are assigned 6-digit codes, with some countries detailing the nomenclature down to 8- or 10-digit codes. The system was developed by the Council for Customs Cooperation in 1988 and signed in Brussels (Belgium).

In Russia, the Commodity Nomenclature of Foreign Economic Activity developed on its basis (HS).

Number of views - 5110
Synonyms - HS code, Harmonized System
MGO
General warranty.
Number of views - 7341
Random number generator
An algorithm that determines a sequence of random numbers, the elements of which are almost independent from each other and obey a given distribution, a mathematical programmatic method for implementing the random sampling method during customs control of goods and vehicles of international transport.
Number of views - 3461
GCS
The State Statistics Committee (SSC).
Number of views - 9546
GNIVTS
Chief Nauchnoinformatsionny Computing Center.
Number of views - 8898
GO
Warranty.
Number of views - 10086
SCC
State Customs Committee.
Number of views - 11094
GUBK

General Directorate for Combating Smuggling

Code of the structural division of the FCS of Russia 0700

Management Areas:

  • protection of economic sovereignty and economic security of the Russian Federation;
  • obtaining information on events or actions that pose a threat to the economic security of the Russian Federation;
  • organization and implementation of operational investigative activities in order to combat smuggling and other crimes within the competence of the customs authorities, as well as to identify and identify persons who prepare, commit or have committed them;
  • identification and suppression of administrative offenses within the competence of the customs authorities;
  • the search for persons hiding from bodies of inquiry, investigation and court, evading criminal punishment;
  • the implementation of preventive measures aimed at preventing violations of the customs legislation of the Customs Union, the legislation of the Russian Federation on customs affairs on the part of participants in foreign economic activity and persons carrying out activities in the field of customs;
  • management of operational-search units and units for combating drug smuggling of operational customs, customs and customs posts, units for combating especially dangerous types of smuggling, operational-analytical units of operational customs and customs, organizational and inspection units, operational accounting units, organizational units and control over the activities of law enforcement units, units for combating customs offenses by maritime transport, units for combating economic customs offenses, units for cooperation with law enforcement agencies of foreign countries of operational customs, units for special purposes (special units for quick response of customs and operational customs, units for organizing and monitoring the activities of special units for quick response of operational customs) ( hereinafter - the operational units of the customs authorities);
  • receiving and checking reports of crimes, drawing up protocols for the adoption of an oral statement of a crime and confession, as well as drawing up reports on the detection of signs crime and the execution by authorized officials of urgent investigative actions in criminal matters referred to the competence of the customs authorities;
  • organization and conduct of operational support of criminal cases referred to the competence of customs authorities;
  • organization of interaction between the operational units of the customs authorities with other law enforcement and regulatory authorities of the Russian Federation, as well as with international law enforcement organizations on issues within the competence of the Main Directorate;
  • the organization of interaction between the operational units of the customs authorities with the structural units of the customs authorities in the fight against smuggling and other crimes within the competence of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation, the suppression of economic damage to the interests of the country, the elimination of the causes and conditions that impede the maximum replenishment of the revenue of the state budget;
  • preparation of proposals for the development and improvement of legislative and other regulatory legal acts in the field of customs on issues within the competence of the General Directorate;
  • organization of interaction between operational divisions of customs authorities with customs and other competent law enforcement agencies of foreign countries, international organizations on issues within the competence of the Main Directorate;
  • coordination of the international activities of the operational units of the customs authorities with other law enforcement and regulatory authorities of the Russian Federation, as well as international law enforcement organizations on issues within the competence of the Main Directorate;
  • coordination of the activities of representative offices (representatives) of the customs service of the Russian Federation in foreign states with regard to law enforcement cooperation.
Number of views - 3525
GUIT

General Directorate of Information Technology

Code of the structural division of the FCS of Russia 0800

Management carries out its activities in the following areas:

  • development of information customs technologies;
  • ensuring information security;
  • planning equipment of customs authorities with means of informatization;
  • scientific and technical;
    development and equipping of telecommunication networks;
  • providing confidential communications and radio communications;
  • coordination of information technology services;
  • equipping with operational-technical means of customs control and protection;
  • organization of customs control of fissile and radioactive materials;
  • organization of metrological support.
Number of views - 4701
GUOTOITK

General Directorate of Organization of Customs Clearance and Customs Control

The code of the structural division of the FCS of Russia is 0100

The department is involved in the development of draft federal laws, acts of the President of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Russian Federation in the areas of activity of the Main Customs Administration.

Number of views - 7579
GUTRD

General Directorate of Customs Investigations and Inquiries

The code of the structural division of the FCS of Russia is 0400

Number of views - 3020
GUFTDiTR

General Directorate of Federal Customs Revenues and Tariff Regulation

The code of the structural division of the FCS of Russia is 0300

The department exercises the authority of the administrator of the federal budget revenues from customs and other payments from foreign economic activity in the field of customs, coordinates and supervises the work of customs authorities in this area of ​​activity, organizes, coordinates and supervises the collection by customs authorities of customs duties, taxes, anti-dumping, special and countervailing duties, customs duties and other payments, the correct calculation of payments by customs authorities and itsami responsible for their payment, and timely payment of these customs duties these persons and their transfer by the customs authorities in the federal budget in full.

Organizes and ensures the effective functioning of a centralized and operational systems of accounting and control over the receipt of customs and other payments to the federal budget.
Generates certificates and reports on the revenue of the federal budget in the context of the types of customs and other payments, customs authorities and the customs system as a whole for the leadership of the Federal Customs Service of Russia and interested executive bodies.

Number of views - 3123
DVTU
Far Eastern Customs Administration.
Number of views - 8877
Cash instruments

Traveler checks, promissory notes, checks (bank checks), and also documentary securities certifying the obligation of the issuer (debtor) to pay cash in which the person to whom such payment is made is not indicated.

Number of views - 3888
DKD
Control Document Delivery.
Number of views - 7107
Long term risk profile
Risk profile with a validity period from 3 to 6 months.
Number of views - 6023
DRVED IBEC
Department of Foreign Economic Activity Regulation Mwes.
Number of views - 7525
DT
Customs declaration.
Number of views - 9666
DTPO
Additional sheet to customs pay-in slips.
Number of views - 7994
TPA
Customs value declaration.
Number of views - 9695
DTU
Dagestan Customs Office.
Number of views - 7748
EU ATM
A single air traffic management system.
Number of views - 9852
Zone risk profile

Risk profile applicable in the region where one customs operates.

The decision to classify the risk profile as zonal is made by the FCS of Russia.

The legal act of the FCS of Russia in relation to the risk profile is signed by the deputy chairman of the FCS of Russia, who oversees the Risk and Operational Control Department of the FCS of Russia or oversees the structural unit in whose area of ​​activity the risk is identified.

Risk Profile Code -13

Number of views - 7969
Risk identification
Actions aimed at detecting, recognizing and describing risk.
Number of views - 5097
IMPORT40 (IM40)
Product Release For Domestic Consumption.
Number of views - 9010
INVOICE
Invoices.
Number of views - 9623
Risk indicator

Certain criteria with predefined parameters, deviation from which allows you to select the object of control.

In relation to goods, such indicators may be:

  • quantity of goods
  • customs value
  • country of origin
  • country of departure is different from country of origin
  • the manufacturer is not a seller
  • product classification
  • excellent TN code FEA for goods used by other participants in foreign economic activity. with a frequency of more than 30%
  • the seller is a resident of a country included in the lists of offshore countries from the 108n list
  • the customs value method is not equal to the first
  • other indicators.

In relation to participants of foreign economic activity, the following situations can serve as an indicator of risk:

  • foreign economic activity participant has not previously moved goods
  • previously, the foreign economic activity participant was adjusted in value as a result of in-house audits after the issue in the amount of more than 500 rubles.
  • previously, the foreign trade participant was corrected by the code CN FEA as a result of desk audits after the release in the amount of more than 500 rubles.
  • there is information about previous offenses
  • when moving goods inadequate behavior of the carrier of goods
  • there is a change in the design of the vehicle, allowing you to create and equip hiding places.
Number of views - 8769
Foreign entities of military-technical cooperation

Technical cooperation - foreign legal entities and individuals entitled to military-technical cooperation in accordance with the laws of their states

Number of views - 8344
ETC
Identificational Customs inspection.
Number of views - 8980
UNECE ITC
Inland Transport Committee of the UNECE.
Number of views - 7381
MO kWp
Committee on Military and Technical Assistance of the Ministry of Defense
Number of views - 12575
traffic control tower
Traffic control tower
Number of views - 10770
CCM
Coordination Interagency Council on Military-Technical Cooperation
Number of views - 9110
HS CODE

Classifier code for the commodity nomenclature of foreign economic activity.

The commodity nomenclature of foreign economic activity was originally developed and introduced in 1988 after joining the International Convention on the Harmonized System of Description and Coding of Goods. The FEA of the USSR was first published in 1990.

After the collapse of the USSR, the Commodity Nomenclature for Foreign Economic Activities of the Commonwealth of Independent States was developed and adopted.

On 3.11.1995 of the year in Moscow, an Agreement was signed on a single commodity nomenclature for the foreign economic activity of the Commonwealth of Independent States. The governments of the 12 CIS member states, striving to unify the forms of customs statistics and simplify customs procedures, agreed to adopt a single CIS FEA based on the Harmonized System of Description and Coding of Goods of the World Customs Organization. On 1.01.1997 of the year, the entry into force of the CN FEA was held.

With the creation of the EurAsEC Customs Union, the Single Commodity Nomenclature for the Foreign Economic Activity of the Customs Union was developed. Approved by the Decision of the Interstate Council of the Eurasian Economic Community (the highest authority of the customs union) of 27.11.2009 No. 18, as well as by the Decision of the Customs Union Commission of 27.11.2009 No. 130. Entered into force 1.01.2010 year.

Number of views - 6869
Synonyms - TN FEA, TNVED
Risk assessment
The process of assigning risk probability values.
Number of views - 5056
BILL OF LADING
Document On Cargo, Sea Shipping Document.
Number of views - 9491
CONTRACT

International Commercial Contract, International Commercial contract, foreign trade transaction, a transaction (agreement) between two or more parties located in different countries, for the purchase or sale or delivery of goods, the performance of work or the provision of services or other types of economic activity in accordance with the terms agreed by the parties.

The contract is the basis of foreign economic activity of economic entities. The contract will be considered international if it is concluded between parties that are under the jurisdiction of different states. In accordance with the Vienna Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, a prerequisite for such a contract is the location of the commercial enterprises of the parties to the contract in different states.

For example, a contract will be considered international if it is concluded between firms of the same state whose commercial enterprises are located in different states. Conversely, a contract concluded between firms of different nationality located in the same state in accordance with the terms of the Vienna Convention will not be considered international.

Number of views - 11008
Synonyms - International contract
Indirect risk minimization measures

A set of measures aimed at the implementation of customs operations with goods through the development and (or) modernization of customs and (or) information technologies, the implementation of organizational and staff activities, the application of tariff and non-tariff regulation, etc.

Number of views - 4242
Short term risk profile

A risk profile with a validity period of 1 business day to 1 month.

Number of views - 4764
CTS
Adjustment of the customs value.
Number of views - 7329
LDL
Personal numbered seal.
Number of views - 9857
IBEC
The Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations.
Number of views - 8191
The international customs transit

Customs regime in which foreign goods move through the customs territory of the Russian Federation under customs control between the place of their arrival in the customs territory of the Russian Federation and the place of their departure from this territory (if this is part of their journey that begins and ends outside the customs territory of the Russian Federation) without paying customs duties, taxes, as well as without applying to the goods prohibitions and restrictions of an economic nature established in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on state regulation of foreign trade oh activity.

Number of views - 5008
Risk minimization measures

A set of measures consisting in the commission by authorized officials of the customs body of certain actions in order to identify and combat violations of customs legislation. Risk minimization measures are applied by authorized officials of the customs authorities during customs control, both in accordance with the instructions in the risk profiles, and by their own decision in accordance with the authority of the customs authority.

Number of views - 4085
Synonyms - MMR
MINISTRY OF JUSTICE
Ministry of Justice.
Number of views - 9210
IRU
International Road Transport Union.
Number of views - 9594
MTU
Moscow Customs Office.
Number of views - 9064
Cash

Banknotes and treasury notes, coins, with the exception of coins made of precious metals that are in circulation and are legal tender in the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union or the states (group of foreign states) that are not members of the Eurasian Economic Union, including the withdrawn or withdrawn from circulation, but subject to exchange for outstanding banknotes.

Number of views - 4420
NATB
The National Association of Customs Brokers.
Number of views - 11089
VAT
Tax Added Cost.
Number of views - 8566
Tariff regulation
The method of state regulation of foreign trade in goods, carried out by introducing quantitative restrictions and other prohibitions and restrictions of an economic nature.
Number of views - 5924
NET
The mass of goods, taking into account only the primary packaging or without any packaging.
Number of views - 11150
Informal risk profiles

Risk profiles communicated to the customs authorities on paper, the risks of which are identified by the official independently, based on the area of ​​risk.

Number of views - 6597
NTP
Violation of customs rules.
Number of views - 7198
LMC
Department on struggle against smuggling and customs offenses.
Number of views - 8281
Risk area

Separate grouped risk objects, in relation to which the application of separate forms of customs control or their combination is required, as well as improving the efficiency of the quality of customs administration.

Number of views - 4050
OBTP
The department for combating customs offenses.
Number of views - 7539
All-Russian risk profile

A risk profile that is valid throughout the customs territory of the Russian Federation or in individual customs authorities located in different regions of activity MOUTH.

The decision to assign the risk profile to the all-Russian one is made by the FCS of Russia.

The legal act of the FCS of Russia in relation to the risk profile is signed by the chairman of the FCS of Russia or a person authorized by him.

Risk Profile Code -11

Number of views - 18016
Mandatory risk profile

Risk unconditionally applicable in all cases, including the movement of goods by a person included in the list of persons moving goods, in respect of whom the risk minimization measures contained in the risk profiles are not applied.

Risk Profile Code -55

Number of views - 4168
Synonyms - mandatory risk profile
OGTD
Final cargo customs declaration.
Number of views - 7150
OD
Department inquiry.
Number of views - 9214
ODTO
Documentary department of customs clearance.
Number of views - 7974
OKDT
Department delivery control.
Number of views - 8526
ONEK
Department of non-tariff and expert control.
Number of views - 9899
Ltd.
Department of the inquiry.
Number of views - 6656
Orientation

Information about the risk of medium degree, to minimize which it is inappropriate to develop a risk profile due to the inaccuracy (wide scope) of such information. Orientation It does not contain instructions (recommendations) on the application of customs control forms and measures to minimize risks. The guidelines are communicated to the customs authorities as information used in the customs control of goods and vehicles.

Orientation is advisable, as a rule, in cases:

  • if as a result of the analysis of information by customs officials revealed a medium-level risk;
  • if, according to the results of the analysis of the effectiveness of the risk profile, its low efficiency is recognized, however, informing customs officials about the potential risk remains appropriate;
  • if necessary, to bring to the customs authorities information on mid-level risk on the basis of information received from other state bodies of the Russian Federation, as well as foreign customs services.

The orientation contains the following basic information:

  • orientation validity period (no more than three months);
  • orientation scope (including risk indicators and Customsin which the use of orientation is appropriate);
  • narrative (description of information that is communicated to the customs authorities);
  • contact officer of the FCS of Russia authorized to give advice on the contents of the orientation (surname, initials, phone number, email address).

The information contained in the guidelines is taken into account when choosing and applying measures by customs authorities to minimize risks in accordance with their authority

Number of views - 6352
ORTOFS
Department on work with goods circulation in federal ownership.
Number of views - 9645
GR
Department of customs clearance.
Number of views - 9599
TNA
Department of customs payments.
Number of views - 12220
OTR
Customs Investigation Division.
Number of views - 8209
OTSIA
Department of Customs Statistics and Analysis.
Number of views - 9968
OFTK
The actual department of customs control.
Number of views - 8663
Risk assessment
Actions to identify, analyze risk and determine the level of risk.
Number of views - 6453
SEZ
Special Economic Zone.
Number of views - 8694
TRANSACTION PASSPORT

The basic currency control document issued by the exporter of commodities by a resident of the Russian Federation in a bank and containing the information on a foreign trade transaction set forth in a standardized form that is necessary to exercise this control.

Number of views - 8892
Synonyms - PS
PGTD
Preliminary cargo customs declaration.
Number of views - 9520
PIB
Passport of barter transactions.
Number of views - 9441
Permanent risk profile

A risk profile with a validity period of more than 6 months.

Number of views - 4979
DUTY

The fee levied by the relevant government agencies when they perform certain functions in the amounts stipulated by the legislation of the country.

Number of views - 12193
Military products

Armament, military equipment, works, services, results of intellectual activity, including exclusive rights to them (intellectual property) and information in the military-technical field, with the exception of information that can be published in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation in the media , works of science, literature and art, promotional materials

Number of views - 8749
Risk profile

The totality of information about the area of ​​risk, risk indicators, as well as measures to minimize risk, risk profile contains instructions on the application of measures to minimize it.

Risk profiles are formed in the Central Office by special analytical groups based on information from various databases, not only of the customs authorities, but also of the tax, border, migration services, databases of product quality certificates.

Each risk profile is a description of generalized situations that could lead to violation of customs legislation. At the same time, risk indicators are highlighted in risk profiles.

Risk profiles are communicated to the customs authorities using software or on paper.

The only form of fixing risk profiles is the legal acts of the Federal Customs Service of Russia marked for official use (DSP).

Number of views - 10431
Direct measures to minimize risks

A set of measures directly related to the release of goods using measures to minimize the risks of certain forms of customs control, carried out centrally and established by the TC TC, instructions on the actions of customs officials in the application of RMS and other regulatory legal acts of the FCS of Russia.

As direct measures are used:

  • customs control forms;
  • means of identification of goods and vehicles;
  • measures to ensure legislation in accordance with the customs transit procedure;
  • collection of information on persons engaged in the movement of goods and vehicles or activities in the field of customs;
  • other measures (examination of goods, vehicles and documents, a requirement for the presentation of goods at their declaration, additional customs control prior to release of goods, unloading at TSW and etc.).
Number of views - 7271
PTS and PSHTS
Passport of the vehicle and the passport of the vehicle chassis.
Number of views - 10868
Regional risk profile

Risk profile applicable in the region where one RTU operates.

The decision to classify the risk profile as regional is made by the FCS of Russia.

The legal act of the FCS of Russia in relation to the risk profile is signed by the deputy chairman of the FCS of Russia, who oversees the Risk and Operational Control Department of the FCS of Russia or oversees the structural unit in whose area of ​​activity the risk is identified.

Risk Profile Type Code -12

Number of views - 6517
reimport

The customs regime in which goods previously exported from the customs territory of the Russian Federation are imported into the customs territory of the Russian Federation on time (subparagraph 2 of paragraph 1 of Article 235) without paying customs duties, taxes and without applying prohibitions and restrictions of an economic nature established in accordance with with the legislation of the Russian Federation on state regulation of foreign trade.

Number of views - 4781
reexport

The customs regime in which goods previously imported into the customs territory of the Russian Federation are exported from this territory without payment or with the return of the paid amounts of import customs duties, taxes and without applying to the goods prohibitions and economic restrictions established in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on state regulation foreign trade activity.

Number of views - 7109
Ritt
Regional Information Technology Customs Control
Number of views - 8446
RP
Registration Chamber.
Number of views - 8983
PTA
Russian Customs Academy.
Number of views - 9914
MOUTH
Regional Customs Office.
Number of views - 10003
MOUTH BT
Regional Customs Office of Air Transport.
Number of views - 9833
MOUTH DSO
Regional customs offices duty services and protection.
Number of views - 8951
MOUTH IN BTP
Regional Customs Office on combating customs offenses.
Number of views - 9057
MOUTH TO
Regional Customs Office logistics.
Number of views - 10488
TSW
Temporary storage.
Number of views - 9818
SZRTL
North - western regional customs laboratories.
Number of views - 8000
SZTU
North - West Customs Directorate.
Number of views - 8524
SPB
St. Petersburg
Number of views - 9040
Medium-term risk profile
Risk profile with a validity period of 1 to 3 months.
Number of views - 5951
Urgent risk profile

Risk profile designed for prompt communication to officials carrying out customs clearance and customs control goods and vehicles, information about the need to apply measures to minimize risks to a certain consignment of goods and (or) vehicles until completion of customs clearance.

Risks contained in the urgent risk profiles are identified at the time of acceptance of the customs declaration (after assigning the registration number of the customs declaration) and at the time of activation of the electronic copy release function by the customs official DT after completion of filling out the report (if the report was filled out) using special software and (or) independently, based on the area of ​​risk in the presence of a letter or teletype message of the FCS of Russia containing urgent risk profile.

When amendments are made to the customs declaration at any stage of documentary control, the customs declaration is re-examined for the risks contained in the urgent risk profiles.

If the letter (teletypogram) of the Federal Customs Service of Russia containing an urgent risk profile has been received at the customs post after the customs declaration has been accepted, measures to minimize the risks provided for by the urgent risk profile should be applied.

If customs operations with respect to goods have been completed by the customs authority before the urgent risk profile is received, the relevant coordinating unit of the FCS of Russia exercises departmental control of decisions made by the subordinate customs authority during customs control of a consignment of goods in accordance with the procedure for departmental control established by other legal acts of the FCS of Russia.

Based on the results of applying the urgent risk profile, the customs officer fills out the Report in accordance with the Rules for filling out the Report, or an accounting journal in cases established by this Instruction.

Number of views - 4788
Degree of risk
The result of a quantitative risk assessment.
Number of views - 4406
Subject of foreign trade
The person indicated in the customs, transport and commercial documents as the recipient, the sender of the goods, the person responsible for the financial settlement, the declarant, the principal, the carrier (including the customs), the customs broker, the owner of the warehouse or customs warehouse or another person carrying out activities in the field of customs.
Number of views - 4955
Subjects of military-technical cooperation

Russian organizations that have received the right to carry out foreign trade activities in relation to military products

Number of views - 7520