Terms used in certification

The number of entries in this glossary is 76.
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Term Definition
Standard unit of magnitude
A measuring instrument designed to reproduce and store a unit of magnitude (its multiple or partial values) in order to transmit its size to other means of measurement of a given quantity.
emergency action
Urgent phytosanitary actiontaken in a new or unexpected phytosanitary situation [ICPM, 2001]
Emergency measure
Phytosanitary measure established in an emergency (emergency) procedure in a new or unexpected phytosanitary situation. Emergency measure may or may not be a temporary measure [VKFM, 2001, VKFM, 2005].
Accreditation Expert
A person who performs all or some of the functions of accreditation and certification of organizations, the competence of which is recognized by the accrediting body.
Ecological aspect of activity
An element of an organization’s activities, its products or services, related to the interaction with the environment.
Central Certification Authority
Authority leading the certification system for homogeneous products.
Chemical pressure impregnation
Performing the shaping wood with chemical pressure preservatives in accordance with the official technical specification [ISPM No. 15, 2002]
chemical processing, reaching this product wholly or mainly in a gaseous state [FAO, 1990; revised FAO, 1995)

The Federal Service for Technical and Export Control is a federal executive body of Russia that implements state policy, organizes interdepartmental coordination and interaction, special and control functions in the field of state security.

Phytosanitary certificate

International official a document issued by state plant protection and quarantine authorities that characterizes the phytosanitary state of a consignment subject to phytosanitary regulations [FAO, 1990]

phytosanitary action
An official operation such as a search analysis, surveillance or treatment undertaken to implement phytosanitary regulations or procedures [ICPM, 2001)
phytosanitary regulations
Official rule to prevent the introduction and / or spread of quarantine pests or to limit the economic damage from regulated non-quarantine pests, in particular, the establishment of procedures for phytosanitary certifications
phytosanitary procedure
Officially prescribed method for implementing phytosanitary regulations, including inspection, testing, surveillance or treatments for regulated pests [FAO, 1990; revised FAO; 1995; CEPM, 1999; ICPM, 2001]
Requirements for operation (repair, disposal)
Concerning the rules of preparation and commissioning, the order of installation (for relevant products), maintenance of the main conditions of use. meeting these requirements will ensure the performance and safety of the product in accordance with its
Marking Requirements
Concerning the place of its application (for products, labels, packaging and containers); method of application (engraving, stamping, etc.) and content. if necessary, use warning labeling regarding the conditions of use, transportation, storage,

The Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Russia is the Russian Chamber of Commerce, a voluntary non-governmental association of entrepreneurs operating in accordance with a special federal law. It unites more than several hundred territorial chambers of commerce and other associations and associations of Russian entrepreneurs, and its direct members are separate commercial and non-profit organizations.

Synonyms - CCI
Type of plants, plant products or other objects are moved to the commercial or other purpose [FAO, 1990; revised ICPM, 2001]
Technical regulation

Legal regulation of relations (Article 2 of the Federal Law of December 27.12.2002, 184 No. XNUMX-FZ “On Technical Regulation”);

  • in the field of establishing, applying and executing mandatory requirements for products or products and design-related processes (including surveys) related to product requirements, production, construction, installation, commissioning, operation, storage, transportation, sale and disposal;
  • on the voluntary application of product requirements, design processes (including surveys), production, construction, installation, commissioning, operation, storage, transportation, sale and disposal, performance of works or provision of services (this area is absent within the Eurasian Economic Union;
  • in the area of ​​conformity assessment.

Technical regulation there is nothing more than standardization based on a combination of the current European model and GOSTs, familiar to every manufacturer of goods and services. The basis of those. regulation is Technical Regulations, developed taking into account the recommended standards and the subsequent assessment of compliance with the standards of products, production processes, technologies or services. The main task of technical regulation is to protect the interests of legal entities and individuals, the state and natural resources by releasing products, technologies and services that meet regulated standards, rules and regulations.

Synonyms - those. regulation
Technical Regulations

The document, which was adopted by an international treaty of the Russian Federation, subject to ratification in the manner established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, or in accordance with the international treaty of the Russian Federation, ratified in the manner established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, or by federal law, or by decree of the President of the Russian Federation, or by a decree of the Government of the Russian Federation, or regulatory legal act of the federal executive body for technical regulation and establishes mandatory for the application and execution of requirements for technical of regulation (products or the products and related requirements for the design of production processes (including research), manufacturing, construction, installation, commissioning, operation, storage, transportation, sale and disposal).

Certification scheme (form, method)
A definite set of actions officially accepted as evidence of compliance of products with specified requirements.
Country of Origin
Country in which product was fully manufactured or sufficiently processed / processed.
Environmental Management System
The part of the general management system, which includes the organizational structure, planning activities, distribution of responsibilities, practical work, procedures, processes and resources for the development, implementation, achievement of goals, assessment of achievements in
Certification of homogeneous products
A certification system relating to a specific product group, for which the same specific standards and rules and the same procedure apply.
Staff certification
Determination of the quality characteristics of personnel requirements of domestic and / or international standards.
Certification (certification of goods)
The activities of a third party, independent of the manufacturer (seller) and consumer products, to confirm the conformity of products with the established requirements.
Certification Center
A legal entity authorized to simultaneously perform the functions of a certification body and testing laboratory.
Synonyms - Certification Center
Certificate of conformity
A document confirming the compliance of the product with certain quality and safety requirements, established for it by the current standards and rules (gost, gost r, gost r mek, gost r iso, etc.). this document is also often referred to as a certificate
Certificate of origin
A document clearly indicating the country of origin of goods and issued by a state authority
Synonyms - Certificate of Origin
Free from (about loads, field or place of production)
Without pests (or a specific pest) in quantities that can be detected with the use of phytosanitary procedures [FAO, 1990; revised FAO, 1995; CEPM, 1999]
Certificate of State Registration

An official document issued by the territorial departments of Rospotrebnadzor and confirming the permission by the bodies and institutions of the Department of State Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation of production or import of products that meet the established requirements.

It serves as an official confirmation of the safety of products for human health in accordance with the uniform rules and sanitary standards of the Eurasian Economic Union (Customs Union), a document is issued for a period of up to 5 years.

Issued for finished products after hygiene tests in an accredited laboratory. By a decision of the Customs Union Commission No. 299 in 2010, a single list of products subject to state registration was approved.

SGR required for some cosmetics, household chemicals, baby food, medical products, hygiene products, underwear for children, some types of food and so on. The issued document is valid on the territory of the countries of the Customs Union.

You can check whether a certificate of state registration has been issued for the product you are interested in, whether registration of the CGR for the product is required, you can on the official website or by clicking on the link.

Synonyms - SGR
Certificate for safe transport of goods

Safety certificate of transported goods

When transporting goods by water, air, road, rail, in order to ensure the safety of transportation, it is necessary to understand the transport risk of goods. 

The qualification of the conditions of carriage of goods consists in assessing and recommending the safety of the carriage of goods in accordance with the laws and standards relating to the carriage of dangerous goods within the country and abroad.

Having a certificate for safe transportation of goods will allow shipping and air companies to transport your dangerous goods.


Regional plant quarantine and plant protection organizations are intergovernmental organizations that have the function of coordinating bodies for national plant quarantine and plant protection organizations (NPPOs) at the regional level. Not all sides IPPC are members RPPO and, conversely, not all RPPO members have signed the IPPC. Some parties are members of several RPPOs.

Currently there are 9 RPKR:

  • Asian and Pacific Plant Protection and Quarantine Commission (APFCM)
  • Andean Community (AS) Southern Cone Plant Health Committee (CROC)
  • European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO)
  • Inter-African Phytosanitary Council (IAFS)
  • Middle East Plant Protection and Plant Protection Organization (BIAO)
  • North American Plant Protection Organization (NAOP)
  • International Regional Organization for Plant and Animal Health (IROID)
  • Pacific Plant Protection Organization (TOKZR)
Synonyms - RPPO
Regional Organization for Standardization
An organization whose membership is open to the relevant national authority of each country of only one geographical, political or economic region.
Vegetable products
Unprocessed material of plant origin (including grain), as well as processed products that, by their nature or by the method of processing, may pose a risk of introduction and spread of pests [FAO, 1990; revised
regulated article
Any plant, plant product, storage location, packaging, vehicle, container, soil, and any other organism, object, or material that can serve as a place of shelter for pests or contribute to their distribution, in relation to
Recycled wood material
The product is composed of a timber by using glue, heat, pressure, or a combination of these techniques [ISPM № 15, 2002]
Conformity assessment
Any procedure directly or indirectly used to determine product compliance with technical regulations or standards is often confirmed by certification. The conformity assessment procedure can include: sampling, testing
Establishes or authorizes performed by the National Organization for Plant Protection Organization [FAO, 1990]
Removing bark from round wood (warping doesn't necessarily mean that wood becomes bark free) [FAO, 1990]
Performing the shaping
Officially endorsed by the procedure for the destruction, inactivation or removal of pests, or for their sterilization or devitalization [FAO, 1990; revised FAO, 1995; ISPM № 15, 2002]

A document containing information on cryptographic algorithms and key lengths to be registered with the Federal Security Service of Russia (or an authorized body of a Member State EAEU) and confirming that the encryption (cryptographic) device can be imported into the territory of the EAEU or removed from it.

Notification It is compiled and signed by the manufacturer of the goods (or his authorized representative) and is registered with the Center of Central Security Service of the Federal Security Service of Russia.

The procedure for registration of the notification, as well as the list of categories falling under the notification, is specified in Appendix No. 2 and Appendix No. 4 to Appendix No. 9 of the Decision ECE № 30.

Based on the notification clause, 12 product categories are distinguished, the technical and cryptographic characteristics of which are subject to notification.

Normative document
The document, which sets out the rules established in the standardization process, principles, characteristics relating to various types of activities or their results, available to a wide range of users interested in it.
Regulatory documents for products submitted for mandatory certification
Laws of the Russian Federation, state standards, sanitary norms and rules, building norms and rules, other documents that, in accordance with legislation, establish requirements for the safety of products and services.

National Organization for Plant Protection Organization [FAO, 1995; ICPM, 2001]

Synonyms - NPPO
Non-tariff measures

The combination of various measures and measures of trade, financial, administrative, environmental policy, health policy and other policies aimed at regulating foreign trade, as well as creating obstacles in foreign trade, but not related to customs and tariff methods of state regulation. (Appendix No. 7 to the Treaty on the EAEU. Protocol on measures of non-tariff regulation in relation to third countries).

In accordance with international agreements non-tariff measures apply as an exception to the general rule of free trade in the following cases:

  • The introduction of temporary quantitative restrictions on the export or import of certain goods, caused by the need to protect the national market;
  • The implementation of a permit for the export or import of certain goods that may adversely affect the security of the state, the life or health of citizens, the property of individuals or legal entities, state or municipal property, the environment, the life or health of animals and plants;
  • Fulfillment of international obligations;
  • The introduction of the exclusive right to export or import of individual goods;
  • The introduction of special protective, anti-dumping and countervailing measures;
  • Protection of public morality and the rule of law;
  • Protection of cultural property Ensuring national security.
Synonyms - Non-tariff measure
Tariff regulation

A set of measures to regulate foreign trade in goods carried out by introducing quantitative and other prohibitions and restrictions of an economic nature, which are established by international treaties of the EAEU member states, decisions of the EAEU Commission and regulatory acts of the EAEU member states issued in accordance with the international treaties of the EAEU member states .

В TKEAES there is no such definition, there is only a collective concept - 'bans and restrictions'which combine both non-tariff regulation measures and other measures (technical, sanitary, veterinary, etc.).

Measures of state regulation of foreign trade are classified into:

  • Economic - customs tariff measures (change in the value of customs duties). Some non-tariff regulation measures that have an impact on the volume of foreign trade deliveries indirectly, through market mechanisms, leading to higher prices for imported and exported goods. Among those non-tariff measures include: anti-dumping, countervailing, special duties; VAT and excise taxes, foreign exchange regulations, etc;
  • Administrative - licensing and quoting of foreign trade activities, embargo, state monopoly on foreign trade, measures of technical regulation, veterinary, phytosanitary control, etc.

There are various classifications of non-tariff barriers developed by both international organizations and individual researchers.

Tariff regulation foreign trade in goods can be carried out only in cases provided for by Articles 21 - 24, 26 and 27 of Federal Law N 164-FZ of 08.12.2003 N 164-FZ (as amended on 28.11.2018) 'On the Basics of State Regulation of Foreign Trade'

Untreated wood
Wood has not passed the processing or treatment [ISPM № 15, 2002]

The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is the 1952 international plant protection agreement that aims to protect both cultivated and wild plants by preventing the introduction and spread of pests. 182 parties have signed the convention.

Synonyms - IPPC
International Organization for Standardization
An organization whose membership is open to the relevant national certification body for goods of any country.
Marking of ISPMs

Internationally recognized as the official seal or stamp on the regulated articles, certifying its phytosanitary status [ISPM № 15, 2002]

EAC marking

EAC (Eurasian Conformity) is a uniform mark of product circulation on the market of the Customs Union member states.

Synonyms - EAC markings
Internationally recognized as the official seal or stamp on the regulated articles, certifying its phytosanitary status [ISPM № 15, 2002]

In Russia, the Ministry of Industry and Trade is the state body issuing licenses for goods restricted for importation or exportation.

The licensed activity is

  1. development, production, distribution of encryption (cryptographic) means, information systems and telecommunication systems, protected using encryption (cryptographic) means,
  2. performance of work, rendering services in the field of information encryption,
  3. maintenance of encryption (cryptographic) tools, information systems and telecommunication systems protected using encryption (cryptographic) tools

To obtain a license from the Ministry of Industry and Trade, you must obtain a License for the right to carry out this type of activity in the FSB of Russia

Licensing is carried out in accordance with the Federal Law dated 4 of May 2011, No. 99-ФЗ “On Licensing Certain Types of Activities”. The licensing procedure is defined by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 16 of April 2012 No. 313 “On licensing activities for the development, production, distribution of encryption (cryptographic) tools, information systems and telecommunication systems protected using encryption (cryptographic) tools, performance of work, rendering services in the field of information encryption, maintenance of encryption (cryptographic) tools, information systems and telecommunication systems m, protected using encryption (cryptographic) means (except if maintenance of encryption (cryptographic) means, information systems and telecommunication systems protected using encryption (cryptographic) means, is carried out to meet the own needs of a legal entity or an individual entrepreneur) ".

Licenses are granted by the Center for Licensing, Certification and Protection of State Secrets of the FSB of Russia (TsLZZ FSB of Russia)

Adequate processing and processing criterion
One of the principles for determining the country of origin of goods, in accordance with which a product, if two or more countries participate in its production, is considered to originate from the country where it was last subjected to substantial processing / processing,
Wood is designed to protect or hardware product, but does not remain associated with the very commodity [FAO, 1990; revised ISPM № 15, 2002]
Quarantine pest
A pest that has potential economic importance for a zone at risk, in which it is absent or present, but is limited in scope and serves as an object of official control [FAO, 1990; revised by FAO, 1995; IPPC, 1
Chamber drying
A process in which wood is dried in a closed room with the help of heat and / or humidity control to achieve the desired water content [ISPM № 15, 2002]
Inspection control over certified products
Control conformity assessment, the purpose of which is to establish that products continue to meet specified requirements, confirmed by certification.
The procedure by which the conformity of products to the requirements that apply to it (to this type or type) in regulatory or information documents is established.
Mark of conformity
Legally registered certification mark used in accordance with the third-party certification procedure for products (services) that are in full compliance with the requirements of the regulatory document used for certification.
Infection (goods)
Presence in a commodity of a living organism harmful to plants or plant products. Infestation includes infection. [CEPM, 1997; revised CEPM, 1999]
FSTEC Conclusion

Authorization documents are drawn up according to a simpler procedure and do not require the provision of legalized documents, such as a power of attorney from the manufacturer or the notification itself.

This document can be issued in the absence of ECE registry information about a previously registered notification and the inability to issue it. and when importing goods and according to a number of special customs procedures (in particular, according to the procedure of temporary import, with subsequent export), as well as imported for the applicant's own needs.

It is important to note that the import or export of such goods for their own needs is allowed without the right to distribute these goods and provide services in the field of encryption (cryptography) with their help to third parties.

Wood packaging materials
Wood or wood products (excluding paper products) used in supporting, protecting or product packaging (including retaining timber) [ISPM № 15, 2002]
Wood-free crust
Wood from which all bark is removed, except for the cambium, ingrown bark around knots and bark depressions between the annual growth rings [ISPM № 15, 2002]
Product category indicating a round timber, lumber, wood chips or dunnage with or without bark [FAO, 1990; revised ICPM, 2001]
Certificate holder
Organization or sole proprietor whose name is issued Certificate of Conformity received after passing the certification procedure
Declaration of Conformity
A document in which the manufacturer (seller, executor) certifies that the products supplied (sold) by him meet the established certification requirements (the law of the Russian Federation 'on certification of products and services'.
The manufacturer (seller) who accepted the declaration of conformity and registered it in accordance with the established procedure.
A certain number of plants, plant products and / or other materials moving from one country to another and accompanied (if necessary) by one phytosanitary certificate (cargo can be composed of one or more goods or lot
State Register of Certification Systems
The official list of registered certification systems.
Identification (of a pest)
Identify the pest during inspection or testing of the imported cargo [FAO; 1990; revised CEPM, 1996]
Veterinary certificate
The document required for the import - export of goods subject to veterinary control across the customs border, and in some cases - during their movement within the customs territory. The list of such goods was approved by order N 648 of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation dated December 18.12.2015, XNUMX. The main task of this certificate is to prevent the spread of infectious diseases that are dangerous both for humans and for the animals themselves. A Rosselkhoznadzor veterinary certificate is required for the movement across the border of the Customs Union of all types of meat, fish, eggs, caviar, milk and dairy products, fertilizers, seeds and many other categories of goods.
Pest risk analysis [FAO, 1995]
Pest risk analysis
The process of evaluating biological or other scientific and economic evidence to determine the need to regulate the pest and strictness phytosanitary measures against it [FAO, 1990; revised IPPC, 1997]
Official visual inspection is not conducted in order to identify harmful organisms or their identification [FAO, 1990]
Official recognition that a testing laboratory is competent to carry out tests or specific types of tests prior to certification of products or services; procedure by which an authorized in accordance with the legislative act