The International Maritime Committee is a non-governmental organization which aims to promote, by all appropriate means and activities, the unification of maritime and commercial law and maritime customs and practices.
ДMany years ago in the 1888 year, Scandinavian countries put forward a proposal to create an International Maritime Bureau to solve technical seaworthiness problems to consider the operational safety of shipping.
In 1897, on the initiative of the International Law Association, in order to promote the unification of the norms of maritime and commercial law, maritime customs and practices, an international non-governmental organization, the International Maritime Committee (Comité Maritime International) CMI, was founded, which dealt with the issues of maritime law. The organization carried out unification by preparing draft international agreements, developing uniform norms of national legislation, studying and generalizing customs and practices of their application, encouraging the creation of a national association on the law of the sea in various countries. The members of this organization are 48 associations of the law of the sea.
According to the MMK rules, only one association in the country (unless the Assembly decides otherwise), if its goals are consistent with the goals of the committee, and its members (any individuals and legal entities) are associated in their activities with the sea and trade or are experts in the law of the sea and merchant shipping, may become a member of the International Maritime Committee. In the event that a country does not have a national association and if any organization of that country nominates itself as a member of the International Maritime Committee, the Assembly may agree to such membership after it is convinced that the goals, or one of the goals pursued by this organization , is the unification of maritime and commercial law, as well as maritime customs and practices.
Only individual members of the association that nominates them for honorary election can be full members of the MMK. Temporary members are citizens of states that do not have their associations, who are admitted to the sessions of the MMK Assembly without the right to vote. The bodies of the International Maritime Committee are the Assembly, the Executive and Administrative Councils, the President. The Assembly consists of all members of the committee and members of the Executive Council.
The CMI Charter provides for the establishment of subsidiary bodies, subcommittees and working groups. MMK maintains close contacts with other organizations in the field of international maritime law (UNCTAD, UNCITRAL, IUAI, UNIDROIT), has consultative status with IMO, and is developing international private maritime law.
The International Maritime Committee has prepared over 30 draft conventions, 16 of which were adopted at international conferences, among them, in particular:
International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for the Collision of Ships 1910 of the Year;
Assistance and rescue at sea (1910);
Shipowners Liability Restrictions (1924);
Imposition of arrest and bail of ships (1926);
State court immunity (1926);
International Convention on the Liability of Operators of Nuclear Ships 1962 of the Year;
Maritime liens and mortgages (1967);
The Athens Convention on the Sea for the Carriage of Passengers and Their 1974 Baggage of the Year.
What does MMK do:
Develops draft conventions, international agreements;
Facilitates the formation of national maritime law associations, providing a structured link between them;
Interacts with specialized international organizations;
It studies and summarizes the experience and practice of applying existing conventions.
In recent years, the organization has been developing draft conventions on marine insurance, reservations on bills of lading, maritime arbitration, the legal status of terminals, ships in foreign ports, registration of ships, and problems of speeding up the ratification of conventions by states.
The organization also publishes collections of international conventions on the law of the sea, documents of the international maritime committee and other reference materials.
The decision to create a public organization in Russia — the international maritime law association — was taken in 1968 by the top leadership of the USSR. In December 1968 was held in Moscow the Constituent Assembly of the Association - an independent public organization of lawyers dealing with the law of the sea. The initiators of the creation of the Association were Soviet lawyers and international figures.
In 1969, the Association was admitted to the International Maritime Committee (CMI), an international non-governmental organization that unites with the association of maritime law in many countries of the world with 1897 and played a significant role in the development of international maritime law at that time.
The members of the Association are specialists of shipping companies, ports, law firms, scientists, teachers and postgraduates of universities and research institutes, employees of federal executive bodies of Russia: the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Science, the Ministry of Defense, the Federal Agency for Fisheries, the Ministry of Environment, etc.
During its existence, the Association has firmly taken its place in public and scientific life, recognized as a community of qualified specialists in the field of the law of the sea, enjoys deserved prestige not only in the country, but also abroad.
Members of the Association actively participated in the development of very important drafts of legislative and other regulatory legal acts: the Law of the Russian Federation “On the State Border of the Russian Federation”, the Federal Laws: “On the Continental Shelf of the Russian Federation” 1995, “On Inland Waters, the Territorial Sea and adjacent zone of the Russian Federation ”1998,“ On the exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation ”1998,“ On the seaports of the Russian Federation and on amendments to certain legislative acts USSIAN Federation »2007 g .; Of the Merchant Shipping Code of the Russian Federation 1999. The members of the Association also took part in the preparation of comments to the specified legal acts. Unfortunately, since 2017, Russia's membership in MMK has been suspended.
Below is a table of participants in the International Maritime Committee
Asociacion argentina de derecho maritimo
Australia and New Zealand
The maritime law association of australia and new zealand
Association belge de droit maritime belgische vereniging voor zeerecht
Associação brasileira de direito marítimo
Association camerounaise du droit maritime
Canadian maritime law association
Asociacion chilena de derecho maritimo
China maritime law association
Asociacion colombiana de derecho maritimo - “acoldemar”
Association congolaise du droit maritime
Hrvatsko društvo za pomorsko pravo
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
Maritime law association, dpr korea
The eastern africa maritime law association
Asociacion ecuatoriana de derecho maritimo “asedmar”
Suomen merioikeusyhdistys finlands sjörättsförening