Customs Clearance Vladivostok Import and Export Vladivostok - Container Specifications | Container | Freight transportation | Logistics

ISO-Container (eng. container, from contain - to contain) is a standardized reusable container designed for the carriage of goods by road, rail, sea and air and adapted for mechanized reloading from one vehicle to another. It can be made from various materials and have various shapes. The so-called universal containers are most widely used in transport.

After the Second World War, containers became popular in the United States, first using wooden containers, and then steel containers Container Express (abbreviated as ConEx), 6x6xXNNXX feet in size. ConEx was widely used for the transport of military goods, especially during the Korean War, however intermodality not used.

In the late 30s, American entrepreneur Malcom McLean worked as a truck driver and stood on the pier watching as workers unload a car, pick up bags and carry them on board one by one, the whole process was very long and laborious. At that moment, the idea appeared about how much easier and faster it would be to load everything at once, maybe directly from the truck. It took 19 years from idea to implementation.

At the beginning of 50's, Macklin broke into the realization of his plans, his transport company, the largest fleet of vehicles, occupied a place in the US 5, having 37 terminals. In addition, for 7 million dollars, he acquired the shipping company Pan-Atlantic Steamship, represented in all the main ports of the east coast. A little later, Pan-Atlantic was renamed SeaLand, which reflected the combined nature of sea and land transportation in standardized containers.

In the 1950s, Malcolm McLean and engineer Keith Tantlinger developed a modern intermodal container system. They offered a comprehensive solution, invented not only a container, but also a container ship and an automobile container yard, but most importantly, they created a complete functioning model of container transportation.

The first container shipment was carried out in April 1956. These experiments were so successful that they were later called the beginning of the container revolution.

In the 1968-1970 years for containers introduced standards ISO... The external dimensions and maximum carrying capacity of containers are regulated by the ISO 668 standard. In 1972 the International Convention for Safe Containers came into force, according to which containers used in international transport must have an information plate "CSC-Plate".

The international standard ISO 6346, established by the International Bureau of Containers, for coding, identification and marking of sea containers, obliges that each container has an identification system. For the convenience of identifying containers in the ISO 6346: 1995 standard, "group codes" were introduced, which consisted of two characters.

Each shipping container has its own number, which consists of four capital letters (Prefix) BIC code that identify the owner of the container, and seven digits, the last of which is the control one. Using this data, you can determine the owner and location of the container. 

What are the container, their sizes and designations Collapse information about containers and group codes

The dimensions and capacity of the containers correspond to the carrying capacity and dimensions of the vehicles.

Containers with a height of 2,59 m (8 feet 6 inches) are considered standard and are designated DV (Dry Van) or DC (Dry Container) (for example, Container 20 'DC).

There are containers with a height of 2,90 m, which have the designation HC (High-Cube) or HQ (High-Quantity) (for example, Container 20 'HC). The most common containers are 20 'and 40' (2,43 m wide), also PW containers (2,45 m wide).

Abbreviations TEU (20 ' equivalent) and FEU (40 ' equivalent), is a unit of measure for the loading of container ships, container unloading terminals and freight railway stations.

  • GP (GENERAL PURPOSE) or DC (Dry Сontainer) or DV (Dry Van) is a standard, general-purpose dry container, universal, without ventilation, designed for ordinary cargo, has a high cargo capacity, door spans of various types.
  • HC (HIGH CUBE) or HQ - container increased in height (height increased by one foot compared to a standard container).
  • RE, RT, RS (REEFER), Reefer container - refrigerated container, container cooler connecting to the source of electricity for the operation of the built-in cooling installation, the container surface has improved thermal insulation, suitable for goods that require refrigerated transportation conditions (fruits, vegetables, meat, fish, etc.). The capabilities of the container include the control of the atmosphere, humidity, equipped with sensors. Over freezing containers can cool cargo up to -60 C.
  • HI, HR - isolated.
  • VH - general purpose container with ventilation with a non-mechanical ventilation system in the lower and upper parts of the cargo area.
  • OT (OPEN TOP) / Open Sider - the container with a tarpaulin opening roof or side grill is suitable for non-standard cargo sizes, equipped with movable roof arches, side grill and tarpaulin coating.
  • HT (HARD TOP) - a container with an opening metal roof (UT - a container with an open top).
  • UT - open top container
  • FT, PL, PF, PC, PS - (FLAT RACK) container or platform container, a special container for the transport of heavy goods that need special handling (heavy technical structures and machines, machines, etc.)
  • ARTIFICIAL TWEENDECK - the platform is used for goods requiring an extraordinary method of storage due to non-standard dimensions (special equipment, etc.).
  • TN, TG, TD (Tank) - tank container for the transport of liquids and gases.
  • BU, BK (BULK) - a container for transporting dry bulk cargo
  • Pw (PALLET WIDE) - increased container width (242-245 cm; allows placing two standard pallets 120 cm each).
  • SN (Special) is a special purpose container: transportation of livestock, cars, live fish.
  • A 20 'container can be loaded in one tier with 11 "euro pallets".
  • In 20 feet 80 standard 200 liter drums can be loaded in two tiers.
  • In 40, a foot container can be loaded into one tier of 23 - 24 "euro pallets".
  • 1 'Foot equals 12' 'inches or 0,304 meters, denoted as - '

Tables with descriptions, dimensions and containers capacity


3-10 FOOT CONTAINER20 FOOT CONTAINER40 FOOT CONTAINER

3 'CONTAINER (GOST 8477-79)

Characteristics
  External dimensions Door size Internal dimensions Weight of the empty container Internal volume Payload weight
Length 2,100 m - 1,930 m 600 kg 5,16 m ³ 2 400 kg
Width 1,325 m 1,225 m 1,225 m
Height 2,400 m 2,090 m 2,128 m
Description
No description yet

5 'CONTAINER (GOST 8477-79)

Characteristics
  External dimensions Door size Internal dimensions Weight of the empty container Internal volume Payload weight
Length 2,650 m - 2,515 m 960 kg 10,40 m ³ 4 960 kg
Width 2,100 m 2,504 m 1,920 m
Height 2,400 m 2,103 m 2,128 m
Description
A freight container for international (and also domestic) shipments is a unit of reusable transport equipment. The design of the cargo container ensures safe transportation of goods by one or several types of transport, which is achieved by sufficient container strength during the established service life.

10 'HC CONTAINER

Characteristics
  External dimensions Door size Internal dimensions Weight of the empty container Internal volume Payload weight
Length 2,991 m - 2,843- m 1380 kg 15,9 m ³ 10 800 kg
Width 2,438 m 2,582 m 2,352 m
Height 2,896 m 2,335 m 2,698 m
Description

Description of the 10 'container

20 'STANDARD CONTAINER (20 'GP)

Characteristics
  External dimensions Door size Internal dimensions Weight of the empty container Internal volume Payload weight
Length 6,058 m - 5,898 m 2220 kg

33,2 m ³

21 920 kg

* 28 262 kg

Width 2,438 m 2,340 m 2,352 m
Height 2,591 m 2,280 m 2,393 m
Description

20-foot container for the carriage of general cargo. Preferred freight with high specific weight.

20 'INCREASED VOLUME CONTAINER (20 'HC)

Characteristics
  External dimensions Door size Internal dimensions Weight of the empty container Internal volume Payload weight
Length 6,058 m - 5,898 m 2340 kg

37,5 m ³

28 140 kg

Width 2,438 m 2,340 m 2,352 m
Height 2,896 m 2,585 m 2,698 m
Description

20-foot container larger volume (due to greater heights) for the carriage of general cargo. Preferred freight with high specific weight.

20 'REFRIGERATING CONTAINER (20 'RE)

Characteristics
  External dimensions Door size Internal dimensions Weight of the empty container Internal volume Payload weight
Length 6,096 m - 5,455 m 3050 kg 28 m ³ 23 950 kg
Width 2,370 m 2,237 m 2,260 m
Height 2,591 m 2,260 m 2,275 m
Description

20-foot Refrigerated container for transportation of perishable goods regime and a total weight of not more than that 23,5

20 'OPEN CONTAINER (20 'UT)

Characteristics
  External dimensions Door size Internal dimensions Weight of the empty container Internal volume Payload weight
Length 6,096 m - 5,902 m 2440 kg 32 m ³ 21 560 kg
Width 2,438 m 2,335 m 2,240 m
Height 2,591 m 2,240 m 2,352 m
Description

20-foot special container, similar to universal container 20'GP (load capacity up 28 t). Available vertical loading through the roof. After loading the top of the container is closed tarpaulin.

20 'CONTAINER PLATFORM (Flat Rack) / FOLDING PLATFORM (Collapsible FlatRack) (20 'FT)

Characteristics
  External dimensions Door size Internal dimensions Weight of the empty container Internal volume Payload weight
Length 6,058 m - 6,038 m 2800 kg - m³ 31200 kg
Width 2,438 m - 2,194 m
Height 2,591 m / 0,370 m - 2,226 m
Description

20-foot container platform is a platform with fixed (FIXED ENDS) or folding (COLLAPSIBLE) end panels, without longitudinal side walls, used for transporting large oversized cargo, heavy objects, such as cars, boats, lumber, pipes, machine parts and equipment, which must be shipped as a whole and can be loaded from above or from the sides with the need to secure these goods on either side.

20 'special platform container, the external dimensions are similar to the 20'GP container, the size and capacity of containers may vary depending on the container manufacturer and its age. The structure of the 20 'platform container is made of a steel frame and two end walls that can be either fixed or collapsible. The end walls are stable enough to be able to attach lifting devices and stack multiple platforms on top of each other. Stacking height of 7 layers in height with a load of 34 tons is allowed.

There are lashing rings on the platform to which the load can be attached, they are mounted on the side rails of the corner posts and the floor. The fastening rings can withstand a load of up to 2 tons in the 20 'version. Some platform types have pockets with a height of 120 mm and width 360 mm with centers of location 2050 mm, for transport with forklifts.

There are several different types of container platforms.

FIXED ENDS FLAT RACK - The fixed-panel platform container has fixed ends on the short sides, so these containers can withstand a lot of top load since the fixed ends are more robust.

COLLAPSIBLE FLAT RACK - container platform with collapsible end panels, features the ability to fold the end panels so an empty container can be delivered more efficiently, with four folded platforms taking up the space of just one conventional dry container.

20 'TANK CONTAINER (Tank container) (20 'TN)

Characteristics
  External dimensions Door size Internal dimensions Weight of the empty container Internal volume Payload weight
Length 5940 m -   4200 kg 24 m³ 31800 kg
Width 2350 m -  
Height 2350 m -  
Description

The 20-foot tank container or tank container is a multimodal transport unit that constructively represents an reinforced frame that complies with ISO standards in which a tank for food or non-food products made of high-quality stainless steel that is resistant to and not exposed to transported products is mounted. The frame can have grooves for forklift trucks, the container itself can be operated in the ranges from -50 ° С to + 70 ° С on sea, river, railway or road transport.
The tank container is intended for transportation:

  • Food products, alcohol-containing liquids (beer, wine, cognac, vodka), edible oils, food additives, concentrated fruit juices, mineral waters, milk, etc.
  • Industrial products: petroleum and petroleum products, oils and lubricants, chemicals, paints, salt solutions, fatty acids, granular and granular substances, liquefied gases, etc.

When transporting, the container’s container capacity should be taken into account: it should not be less than 80% so that there is no splashing leading to a container displacement and more than 95% to take into account the possibility of thermal expansion.

Tank containers are very effective in multimodal transportation using several modes of transport (automobile, railway, water transport). Since the 20 foot container is taken as the base module, the tank container is easily transferred from transport to transport without transshipment or driving at bulk terminals, in contrast to railroad and tank trucks.

The use of tank containers makes it possible to optimize logistics operations for transportation due to the lower cost of the railway tariff as compared to transportation in tank cars. The tank containers hold 60% more of the transported product, occupying the same space and having the same cost of transportation as compared to transporting the same volume of liquid in barrels.

A standard 20-foot tank container has a volume from 14000 liters to 26000 liters. The most used - 26, 25, 24 thousands of liters. For heavy liquids - 21000 liters and less often 17500 liters.
Swap-containers (SWAP) have an increased volume - from 30000 to 36000 liters. Swap containers have standard 20-ft. frame width and height. Depending on the volume, the length can be - 7.15 m, 7.45 m or 7.82 m (they are not used for the transportation of goods by rail because of non-standard dimensions).
Gas tank containers typically have a volume of 24000 liters, pressure from 15 to 34,5 bar.

For classification, the old system was used previously (IMO-0, IMO-1, IMO-2, gas IMO-5). Currently, according to the Portable Tank Instruction, a system of T-codes from T1 to T75 is used.
The most common codes are:

  • Т1 - for wine and light liquids
  • Т4 - working pressure 1,77 bar (for non-hazardous food and non-food oils)
  • Т11 - working pressure 4 bar, bottom discharge (for non-hazardous chemicals)
  • Т12 - rupture disc
  • T14 - working pressure 4 bar, top discharge (for hazardous chemicals and acids like HCl and zinc chloride)
  • Т50 - gas tank containers
  • T75 - for cryogenic liquids

The main design of tank containers: with thermal insulation / or without, with steam jacket for heating with steam or hot water / or without. Tank containers are manufactured under the control of the International Classification Societies: Bureau Veritas, ABS, Lloyd's Register, Det Norske Veritas, SGS, Germanyscher Lloyd, Russian Maritime Register of Shipping. For the transport of tank containers on the Russian railway, it is necessary to have an inspection certificate of the Russian Register.

40 'STANDARD CONTAINER (Dry Freight Container) (40 'GP)

Characteristics
  External dimensions Door size Internal dimensions Weight of the empty container Internal volume Payload weight
Length 12,192 m - 12,032 m 3660 kg

67,7 m ³

26 820 kg
Width 2,438 m 2,280 m 2,352 m
Height 2,591 m 2,340 m 2,393 m
Description

40-foot universal container for transportation of general cargo with a total weight not exceeding 26,5 tons. Preferred transportation of bulk cargoes with low specific weight.

40 'INCLUDED VOLUME CONTAINER (High Cube Container) (40 'HC)

Characteristics
  External dimensions Door size Internal dimensions Weight of the empty container Internal volume Payload weight
Length 12,192 m - 12,032 m 3940 kg

76,4 m ³

26 640 kg
Width 2,438 m 2,340 m 2,352 m
Height 2,896 m 2,585 m 2,698 m
Description

40-foot universal container larger volume (due to greater heights) for the carriage of general cargo with a total weight not exceeding 26,5 tons. Preferred transportation of bulk cargoes with low specific weight.

40 'REFRIGERATING CONTAINER (Reefer Container) (40 'RE)

Characteristics
  External dimensions Door size Internal dimensions Weight of the empty container Internal volume Payload weight
Length 12,192 m - 12,028 m 3800 kg 65,9 m ³ 30 480 kg
Width 2,438 m 2,340 m 2,350 m
Height 2,591 m 2,280 m 2,351 m
Description

40-foot refrigerated container is intended for transportation of perishable goods regime and a total weight of not more than that 29

40 'REFRIGERATED CONTAINER OF INCREASED VOLUME (High Cube Reefer Container) (40 'RT)

Characteristics
  External dimensions Door size Internal dimensions Weight of the empty container Internal volume Payload weight
Length 12,192 m - 11,585 m 4370 kg 67.5 m ³ 26 280 kg
Width 2,438 m 2,290 m 2,290 m
Height 2,896 m 2,510 m 2,545 m
Description

40-foot refrigerated container increased capacity is designed for transportation of perishable goods regime and a total weight of not more than that 29

45 'REFRIGERATED CONTAINER OF INCREASED VOLUME (High Cube Reefer Container) (45 'RT)

Characteristics
  External dimensions Door size Internal dimensions Weight of the empty container Internal volume Payload weight
Length 13,716 m - 13,556 m 4800 kg

86,1 m ³

25 680 kg
Width 2,438 m 2,343 m 2,352 m
Height 2,896 m 2,585 m 2,698 m
Description

45-foot universal container of increased volume (due to the greater height and width) for the transportation of long and bulky cargo with a total weight of no more than 29,5 tons. Allows to place 2 Euro pallets (1200 mm)

40 'OPEN CONTAINER (40' Open Top) (40 'UT)

Characteristics
  External dimensions Door size Internal dimensions Weight of the empty container Internal volume Payload weight
Length 12,192 m - 12,028 m 3800 kg 65,9 m ³ 30 480 kg
Width 2,438 m 2,340 m 2,350 m
Height 2,591 m 2,280 m 2,351 m
Description

Special container, similar to universal container 40'GP (load capacity up 26,5 t). Available vertical loading through the roof. After loading the top of the container is closed tarpaulin.

40 'CONTAINER PLATFORM (Flat Rack) / FOLDING PLATFORM (Collapsible FlatRack) (40 'FT)

Characteristics
  External dimensions Door size Internal dimensions Weight of the empty container Internal volume Payload weight
Length 12,192 m - 12,180 m  4200 kg - m³ 26 280 kg
Width 2,438 m  2,225 m
Height 2,591 m  1,955 m
Description

40-foot container platform is a platform with fixed (FIXED ENDS) or folding (COLLAPSIBLE) end panels, without longitudinal side walls, used for transporting large oversized cargo, heavy objects, such as cars, boats, lumber, pipes, machine parts and equipment, which must be shipped as a whole and can be loaded from above or from the sides with the need to secure these goods on either side.

Container sizes and capacities may vary depending on platform manufacturer and age. The structure of a 40 'platform container is made of a steel frame and two end walls that can be either fixed or collapsible. The end walls are stable enough to be able to attach lifting devices and stack multiple platforms on top of each other. Stacking height of 7 layers is allowed.

There are lashing rings on the platform to which the load can be attached, they are mounted on the side rails of the corner posts and the floor. Some platform types have pockets 120 mm high and 360 mm wide with 2050 mm centers for forklift transport.

There are several different types of container platforms.

FIXED ENDS FLAT RACK - The fixed-panel platform container has fixed ends on the short sides, so these containers can withstand a lot of top load since the fixed ends are more robust.

COLLAPSIBLE FLAT RACK - container platform with collapsible end panels, features the ability to fold the end panels so an empty container can be delivered more efficiently, with four folded platforms taking up the space of just one conventional dry container.

Go to the description of 3'-5 'containers |
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