The Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS, International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea) is the most important of all international agreements on the safety of merchant ships. Today the working version of the document is SOLAS-74.
Each vessel is within the scope of this normative document, engaged on international voyages must comply with its requirements. Otherwise, it may be delayed, or the port is not permitted. The establishment of minimum standards to meet the safety requirements for construction, equipment and operation of ships is the main objective of the international Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea.
State whose flag the vessel is required to ensure that vessels comply with the requirements of SOLAS. To prove their compliance with the Convention provided for multiple certificates. Such documents (commonly referred to as "the Convention's") issued either by the Administration of the flag, or on its behalf ( "on the authority of the Administration") - with the appropriate instructions.
The control conditions also allow governments to inspect vessels flying the flags of other states, especially if there are clear grounds for doubting that the vessel and / or its equipment does not substantially comply with the requirements of the Convention. This procedure is called “port state control” (Port state controlPSC) The current text of the SOLAS Convention includes Articles setting out general obligations, amendment procedure and so on. N., And is accompanied by Annex divided into 12 Heads.
The first version of the document was adopted in 1914, after the sinking of the Titanic, the second in 1929 after the sinking of the Vestris, the third in 1948, after the explosion of the Grancan, the fourth in 1960. The convention as amended by 1960 of the year, which was adopted by 17 on June 1960 and entered into force on 26 in May of 1965, turned out to be the first significant task of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) whose main objective was the Security of ships and their teams.
This Convention covers a wide range of measures designed to improve the safety of navigation conditions. It was a significant step forward in modernizing regulations and maintain the pace of technological development in the shipping industry.
It was necessary to support regulatory document at the level of modernity by adopting periodic amendments. But in practice, due to the complicated procedure for adopting new changes, the procedure for introducing amendments was too slow. It soon became clear that it would be impossible to ensure that the adopted amendments enter into force within a reasonable period of time.
For this reason, 1 November 1974, the International Conference on the Safety of Life at Sea adopted a new text of the SOLAS Convention. It included not only the actual changes agreed to by the specified date, but also a new procedure for making corrections by default - a procedure designed to ensure that the changes that were adopted could enter into force within a minimal short period of time. For example, instead of requiring that an amendment enter into force after its adoption by two-thirds of the signatories to the Convention, the new default acceptance procedure assumes that the amendment will enter into force after that date unless, by that date, objections are received from the agreed number Parties.
The current text of the Convention is also known as "the SOLAS 1974, as amended." SOLAS-74 25 entered into force in May 1980g.
These measures helped in numerous cases, to update, modify and correct the Convention as amended by 1974 years. So, in 1988 year it was adopted Protocol (10 November at the International Conference on the Harmonized System of Survey and Certification). In 1992, the IMO issued a so-called consolidated text of the Convention.
In the period from December 9 13-2002 year held in London by the Diplomatic Conference on Maritime Security to Chapter XI was amended, which came into force on July 1 2004 years.