At the initiative of the UN in Geneva 30 September 1957 was created ADR (Accord européen relatif au transport international des marchandises dangereuses par route) European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods, it entered into force only on January 29, 1968, acts on the territory of all EU countries, as well as in Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Morocco.
In Russia, a similar one is called ADR.
In addition to ADR transportation of dangerous goods It is also regulated in accordance with the Temporary Instruction “On the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road” of the Ministry of Transport.
Dangerous goods are subdivided into classes and subclasses, according to GOST 19433–88 and the International Code of Dangerous Goods Transport by Sea. Their classification (assignment to a class, subclass, category and group) is made depending on the type of hazard. The types of hazards are classified according to the following criteria. Explosive, flammable, poisonous (toxic), sarcasm (corrosiveness), radioactivity, oxidation (combustion promoting properties)
Hazard classes according to the classification ADR
Class 1 - Explosive materials and objects
Explosive materials whose properties can explode, cause fire with explosive action, as well as devices containing explosives and explosive materials intended for the production of pyrotechnic effect.
The main danger - a blast.
1.1 Explosive and pyrotechnic substances and products with a mass explosion hazard when an explosion instantly covers the entire cargo.
1.2 Explosives and pyrotechnic substances and products that are not mass explosion hazard.
1.3 Substances and articles which have a fire hazard and either a minor blast hazard or a minor projection hazard or both, but not a mass explosion hazard: a) combustion of which gives rise to considerable radiant heat; or b) that, burn one after another, producing minor blast or projection effects or both.
1.4 Substances and articles which present only a slight risk of explosion in the event of ignition or initiation during carriage. The effects are largely confined to the package, it is not expected fragments of appreciable size or range. An external fire shall not cause virtually instantaneous explosion of almost the entire contents of the package.
1.5 Very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard but are so insensitive that there is very little probability of initiation or of transition from burning to detonation under normal conditions of carriage. In accordance with the minimum requirement for these substances, they must not explode in the external fire test.
1.6 Extremely insensitive articles which do not have a mass explosion hazard. The articles contain only extremely insensitive detonating substances and demonstrate a negligible probability of accidental initiation or propagation vzryva.PRIMEChANIE: The risk from articles of Division 1.6, limited to the explosion of a single article.
Class 2 - Compressed, liquefied and pressurized gases
Compressed, liquefied gases cooled and dissolved under pressure, meeting at least one of the following conditions: absolute vapor pressure at temperature 50С is equal to or higher than 3 kgf/ cm³ ZOO kPa); critical temperature below 50С; compressed, the critical temperature of which is lower than −10С; liquefied, the critical temperature of which is equal to or higher –10С, but lower than 70С; liquefied, the critical temperature of which is equal to or higher than 70С; dissolved under pressure; supercooling liquefied; aerosols and compressed gases subject to special regulations.
There is the main danger, as there are different hazardous properties.
2.1 Flammable gases.
2.2 not flammable and toxic gases. Compressed gas, liquid gas, a cryogenic gas, compressed gas in solution, asphyxiant and oxidizing gas. For non-flammable and poisonous gas (Section 2.2) include materials (mixtures) that: 1. It generates pressure in the packaging 280 kPa (40,6 psi) or at 20S (68F), and 2. Do not meet the conditions of 2.1 or 2.3 Section.
2.2 Gaseous oxygen. This requirement is not mandatory with respect to non-flammable gases if the oxygen is in a liquid or gaseous state. Oxygen is considered non-flammable if it does not ignite in its properties. However, it is used in the combustion process. High oxygen concentration significantly increases the intensity and strength of burning.
2.3 toxic, poisonous gases. When vacuuming, poisonous gas is the material that goes into a gaseous state at a temperature equal to or less than the pressure 20S and 101,3 kPa (boiling point of the material is equal to or less than the pressure 20S and 101,3 kPa (14,7 psi)), and that: 1. It refers to toxic substances that cause the risk to human health by transportation, or 2. In the absence of information about the degree of toxicity shall be considered toxic to humans, based on the results of the analysis carried out on animals, it has LC50 value 5000 ml / cubic meter.
Flammable liquids, mixtures of liquids and liquids containing solids in solution or suspension, which emit flammable vapors having a flash point in closed crucible 60S and below.
The main danger - fire.
3.1, having a flash point in closed crucible below Flammable liquids with a low flash point and a liquid minus 18S or having a flash point in combination with other hazardous characteristics, in addition to flammability. 3.2 Flammable liquids with medium flash point - a liquid with a flash point in closed crucible from minus to plus 18S 23. 3.3 Flammable liquids with a high flash point - a liquid with a flashpoint of up to 23 60S inclusive in a closed crucible.
Class 4 - Highly flammable solids
Flammable materials and substances (other than those classified as explosives), which during transportation is easy to catch fire from external sources of ignition through friction, moisture absorption, spontaneous chemical reactions, as well as when heated.
4.1 Flammable solids, capable of easily ignited by brief exposure to external sources of ignition (spark, flame or friction) and is actively burning. The main danger - the danger of fire and more - thermal instability - an explosion. Desensitized explosives, which can cause an explosion in the dry state and belonging to Class 1, and that given the name and shipping name and which belong to the class of hazard. Reactive substances, which are thermally unstable and undergo exothermic decomposition even without exposure to air. Combustible solids that may cause ignition by friction at a burning rate greater than 2,2 mm (0,087 inches) per second, or a metal powder that can ignite and react on the entire surface of the sample within 10 minutes.
4.2 pyrophoric substances, which under normal conditions of transport can spontaneously heat and ignite. The main danger - spontaneous combustion. Spontaneously combustible substance - a pyrophoric liquid or solid form, are within five (5) minutes may ignite upon contact with air or self-heating material, which in turn are subject to spontaneous combustion.
4.3 Substances that emit flammable gases. The main danger - flammable gases (eg, calcium carbide). It is dangerous in contact with water, and can be self-igniting or highlight a toxic gas with exponent 1 liters per kilogram of material within 1 hours.
Class 5 - Oxidizing substances
Oxidizing substances and organic peroxides, which can easily release oxygen to support combustion, and can, under appropriate conditions, or mixed with other substances to cause spontaneous ignition and explosion.
5.1 oxidizing agents, which by themselves are not combustible, but contribute to the easy flammability of other substances and produce oxygen during combustion, thereby increasing the intensity of the fire.
The main danger - oxidation.
1. Solids Section 5.1, which after testing in accordance with UN rules are burning time less than or equal to 3: 7 burning potassium / cellulose bromate. 2. Liquid materials Section 5.1, which after testing in accordance with UN rules, have the ability to spontaneous combustion or who increase the pressure from time to 690 2070 kPa kPa less than the same period of 1: 1 nitric acid (65 percent) / cellulose.
5.2 organic peroxides, which in most cases are combustible, may act as oxidizing agents, and interact with other dangerous substances. Many of them are easy to light and sensitive to shock and friction.
The main danger - thermal instability, that is, during the heating of explosion.
Organic peroxide (Section 5.2) includes: any carbon compounds containing oxygen (O) with a bivalent bond —O-ABOUT-, as well as being products of carbon compounds in the structure of which one or several hydrogen atoms are replaced by organic radicals, until the following conditions are fulfilled: 1. Materials related to explosives, under subsection C; 2. Transportation of materials prohibited by 49CFR 172.101 or 49CFR 173.21; 3. Admin Assistant on Explosive Substances decided that the material is not classified as dangerous under Section 5.2; or 4. One of the following conditions: 1. For materials containing more than 1,0 percent hydrogen peroxide, oxygen content, as calculated in paragraph (a) (4) (ii), is less than 1,0 percent or 2. For materials containing more than 1,0 percent, but not more than 7,0 percent hydrogen peroxide
Class 6 - Poisonous substances
Poisonous and infectious substances which can cause death, poisoning or illness if swallowed or in contact with skin and mucous membranes.
6.1 poisonous (toxic) substances that can cause poisoning by inhalation (fumes, dust), ingestion or skin contact. The main danger - toxicity.
6.2 substances and materials containing pathogens dangerous to humans and animals. The main danger - infection.
18.104.22.168 Infectious substances may contain pathogens. Pathogenic microorganisms include (bacteria, viruses, rickettsia, parasites and others) substances such as prions, which can lead to disease in humans or animals.
Note toxins produced by plants, bacterial sources, which do not contain infectious or toxic substances, which in turn are absent in infected substances referred to in Section UN3172 classification 6.1.
22.214.171.124 Biological products - products derived from living organisms which are manufactured and distributed in accordance with the requirements of the relevant authorities, and which meet the conditions of licensing and are intended for the treatment or diagnosis of both human and animal experiment or calculation method. The biological products include semi-finished or finished products, such as vaccines.
126.96.36.199 cultivation of bacteria - the result of the activities of pathogens. This definition does not refer to the samples specified in p.188.8.131.52.4.
184.108.40.206 to the samples taken from humans or animals include excretions, secretions, blood, and other components, tissue and tissue fluid samples, as well as parts of the body delivered for research, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases.
220.127.116.11 Medical or clinical waste - waste resulting from a medical treatment of humans or animals, as well as bio-studies.
6.2.2 Classification of infectious substances
18.104.22.168 Infectious substances listed in Section 6.2 and have UN2814 rooms, UN2900, UN 3291 or UN3373 respectively.
22.214.171.124 Infectious substances are divided into the following categories.
126.96.36.199.1 Category A:
Infectious agents that carried a way that in case of explosion may cause disability, can cause life threatening or result in death of humans and animals. These substances include substances 3.6.D table.
Note: The cause of the explosion can be the output of infectious agents outside of the protective packaging resulting in physical contact with animals or people.
(A) Infectious substances that meet these characteristics and bearing a threat to the life of animals or humans, should be assigned to UN 2814 number. Infectious substances which cause disease in animals, should be assigned to UN 2900 number.
(B) the procedure for assigning numbers UN 2814 or 2900 UN should be based on data from medical history and symptoms, manifestations of endemic or solving experts on the causes of the disease.
1. Proper Shipping Name UN 2814 used for infectious substances that pose a threat to human life. Proper Shipping Name UN 2900 used for infectious substances that pose a threat to the life of animals.
2. The table is incomplete. Infectious substances, including new or potential emerging pathogens that are not listed in the table, however, meet the criteria, refer to the Category A. In addition, those substances for which there is any doubt, belongs to the category A.
3. The list, to microorganisms whose names are written in Italian, include bacteria, mycoplasma, rickettsia or fungi.
The causative agent of anthrax (distribution)
The causative agent of brucellosis in cattle (breeding)
The causative agent of brucellosis of sheep and goats (breeding)
The causative agent of brucellosis pigs (breeding)
Polymorphic bacterium - glanders (breeding)
The movable rod-shaped bacterium (breeding)
Psittacosis - avian strain (breeding)
Clostridium botulinum (breeding)
The pathogenic parasitic fungus (breeding)
The causative agent of fever (breeding)
The virus Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever
Dengue virus (dilution)
Eastern encephalitis horses (breeding)
Escherichia coli, verotoxin (breeding)
small Gram-negative rods (breeding)
Hantavirus with renal syndrome
Hepatitis B (dilution) virus
zoster B (dilution) virus
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (breeding)
Japanese encephalitis (breeding)
tubercle bacillus (breeding)
Omsk hemorrhagic fever
polio virus (dilution)
the causative agent of epidemic typhus (breeding)
the causative agent of spotted fever (breeding)
Rift Valley fever virus
Tick-borne encephalitis (breeding)
dysentery bacillus, type 1 (breeding)
tick-borne encephalitis (breeding) virus
Venezuelan encephalitis horses
West Nile virus (dilution)
yellow fever virus (dilution)
the causative agent of bubonic plague (breeding)
African swine fever virus (dilution)
velogenic Newcastle disease virus, type 1 (breeding)
classical swine fever (breeding)
FMD (breeding) virus
goat pox virus (dilution)
nodular dermatosis (breeding)
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (breeding)
Peste des petits ruminants animals (breeding)
plague virus (dilution)
sheep pox (breeding)
Swine vesicular disease (breeding)
Vesicular stomatitis (breeding) virus
188.8.131.52.2 Category B:
Infectious substances which meet the criteria for Category A. Infectious substances in Category B must be assigned to UN 3373 number.
Note: The name of the transport agent under the UN number 3373 - evaluation samples or clinical samples Category B. January 01 2007, the use of the name of the transport of samples and clinical specimens is prohibited.
184.108.40.206.1 materials that do not contain infectious substances or substances for which the risk of disease in humans and animals is not regulated by the Regulations, as long as these substances will not meet the criteria of a different category.
220.127.116.11.2 Substances containing microorganisms which are not are not pathogenic for humans and animals, are not regulated by the Regulation, as long as these substances will not meet the criteria of a different category.
18.104.22.168.3 substances in the form in which the effect of pathogen is neutralized, for example, if you exclude the likelihood of a health risk, is not regulated by the Regulations, as long as these substances will not meet the criteria of a different category.
22.214.171.124.4 environmental samples (food and water samples), which exclude the probability of infection is not regulated by the Regulation, as long as these substances will not meet the criteria of a different category.
126.96.36.199.5 samples of dried blood spots obtained by the impact absorbing material to a drop of blood or the test for blood collection or blood components that have been taken for transfusion or preparation of blood products for transfusion and transplantation, as well as tissue samples or organs for transplantation, is not regulated by Regulation .
188.8.131.52.6 Samples taken from patients for whom there is a minimal likelihood of pathogen content are not governed by the Rules if the samples are in a package that prevents leakage and that says "Samples taken from people" or "" Samples taken from animals ". Packaging must meet the following criteria:
(A) The package should contain three components:
(I) leakproof primary packaging (packaging);
(Ii) a leakproof secondary packaging; and
(Iii) an outer packaging of adequate strength, depending on the weight and use, as well as at least one coating dimensions 100 100 mm x mm;
(B) a liquid - absorbing material to absorb the entire contents must be
placed between the primary and secondary packages to (during transportation), any leakage of the liquid substance from reaching the outer package are not damaged and the protective material;
(C) Brittle substances are placed in a secondary package, with each agent individually wrapped in order to avoid contact with other substances.
NOTE: If any pathogens in patient samples, necessary to carry out an expert evaluation to determine whether the substance is included in the list of exceptions. This assessment is based on data from medical history and symptoms, manifestations of endemic or solving experts on the causes of the disease.
Examples of specimens of samples which can be carried include blood, urine tracking cholesterol, glucose, hormones or indicators of prostate specific antigen; tests, which require assessment, for example, heart, liver or kidney patients who have no infectious diseases or clinical testing of the drug; for the purpose of insurance and employment - to the availability of narcotic drugs and alcohol; pregnancy test; a biopsy on the cancer disease; and detection of antibodies in humans and animals.
6.2.3 Biological products
184.108.40.206 Under the Rules, biological products are divided into the following groups:
(A) products which have been manufactured and packaged in accordance with specific requirements and transported for final packaging and sale, and use in treatment. Substances in this group is not regulated by the Rules.
(B) products that are not included in this paragraph (a), and which may contain infectious agents and meet the criteria for Category A or Category B. Substances in this group must be assigned UN2814 rooms, UN2900 or UN3373.
Note: Some licensed biological products may carry the biohazard only in certain countries. In this case, the competent authorities may require that organic products meet the local requirements, which are set for infectious substances or to impose on these products further restrictions.
6.2.4 Genetically modified microorganisms and organisms
220.127.116.11 Genetically modified micro-organisms which do not meet the definition of infectious substances, shall be classified under the terms of subsection 3.9.
6.2.5 Medical or clinical wastes
18.104.22.168 Medical or clinical wastes Category A, which contain infectious substances must be assigned numbers or UN2814 UN2900. Medical or clinical wastes Category B, which contain infectious substances must be assigned UN3291 number.
22.214.171.124 Medical or clinical wastes probability of containing infectious substances which is low, you should assign UN3291 number. Note: The Proper Shipping Name for UN3291 - clinical waste, unspecified, or (bio) medical waste, medical waste normalized.
126.96.36.199 Decontaminated medical or clinical wastes which previously contained infectious substances are not regulated by the Regulation, as long as these substances will not meet the criteria of a different category.
6.2.6 Infected animals
188.8.131.52 deliberately infected animals in the body which can be infectious substances transported by air is prohibited until the infectious substances are transported by other means. Infected animals may only be transported under the conditions laid down by the competent authorities.
184.108.40.206 Otherwise, the use of animals with infectious substances is prohibited.
220.127.116.11 carcasses affected by pathogens Category A, assign numbers 2814 UN or UN 2900. Remains of animals infected with pathogens Category B must be transported in accordance with the requirements established by the competent authorities.
6.2.7 samples taken from patients, assign numbers UN 2814, UN 2900 3373 or UN, if the sample does not fall under the conditions p.18.104.22.168.3.
Class 7 - Radioactive materials
7. Radioactive substances with specific activity of more than 70 kBq / kg. The main danger - a strong radioactive radiation.
The packaging label to be attached RADIOACTIVE yellow (LSA III). Some radioactive substances "special purpose" low specific activity, the label is absent, however, the packaging of such substances necessary to write RADIOACTIVE.
Closed vehicle means a vehicle or a vehicle fitted firmly fixed outer shell, which limits the access of unauthorized persons to the cargo space containing 7 class (radioactive) materials.
The system of containment of packagings intended to retain the radioactive contents during transport.
1. For transport by road or railway tracks: any vehicle or large freight container;
2. For water transport: any vessel or cargo compartment bulkhead or a fenced area on the deck of the ship, including any vehicle on board; and
3. For transportation by air, any air vehicle.
Design means describing a particular 7 hazard class (radioactive) materials, packaging, or LSA-III, which allows these elements to be fully defined. This description may include specifications, technical drawings, reports showing regulatory compliance, and other relevant documentation.
In turn, shipper wants to get the finished result and not worry about who will be engaged in freight. The priority is to get a quality service for a reasonable fee. Therefore, before sending the goods, the shipper must worry about the correct choice of the organizer of transportation. However, to choose a competent and responsible specialist, you need to spend time.
Fissile materials — Plutonium-238, Plutonium-239, Plutonium-241, Uranium-233, Uranium-235, or any combination of these radionuclides. The definition does not apply to non-irradiated natural uranium and depleted uranium and also to such that was irradiated in reactors thermal neutrons.
Fissile material means any shipment that contains one or more packages that have been marked according to 49 CFR 173,457, indexes and nuclear criticality control are more than 10.
Freight container means a reusable container having a volume of 1,81 cubic meters (64 cubic feet) or more, designed and built to ensure its recovery during transport. A small freight container is that which has either an external size smaller than 1,5 meters (4,9 feet) or an internal volume of not more than 3,0 cubic meters (106 cubic feet). All other freight containers are defined as large cargo containers.
Calculating the number of packages that may be placed in a container or truck. Download Calculator is available for free use by our visitors.
1. exceeding in scope 3000 time A1 radionuclides according to Class 49CFR 173.435 7 (radioactive materials);
2. exceeding in scope 3000 time A2 radionuclides according to Class 49CFR 173.435 7 (radioactive materials); or
3. 1000 TBq (27000 Key), depending on whether the value is the smallest.
A limited number of class 7 (radioactive) material means the number of class 7 (radioactive) materials not exceeding the limits specified in 49 CFR 173,425 and in compliance with the requirements specified in 49 CFR 173,421.
Low specific activity (LSA) is 7 class (radioactive) material with limited use that meets the description and limitations set forth below. Protective materials surrounding the LSA material may not be taken into account in determining the estimated average specific activity of the package contents.
Class 8 - Corrosive substances
Caustic and corrosive substances that cause skin damage, damage to mucous membranes of eyes and respiratory tract, metal corrosion and damage to vehicles, buildings or goods and may cause fire in contact with organic materials or certain chemicals.
8.1 acids. 8.2 Alkalis. 8.3 different caustic and corrosive substances. The main danger - bite (corrosiveness).
Class 9 - Miscellaneous dangerous substances
The substances with relatively low risks in the transportation, are not preceded by one of the previous classes, but requires the application to them of certain rules for the transport and storage.
In this class there is a dominant main danger (eg plastic, which when burned releases a strong poison - dioxin).
9.1 Solid and liquid flammable substances and materials that do not belong to the 3rd and 4th classes by their properties, but under certain conditions can be dangerous in a fire relation (flammable liquids with a flash point of +60 °C up to +100 ° C in a closed container, fibers and other similar materials).
9.2 substances that become caustic and corrosive under certain conditions.
Packaging of dangerous goods
According to ADR, all dangerous goods must have a certain packing group. The packing group characterizes the degree of danger of the transported cargo. They are divided into three groups:
I - very dangerous goods. II - a dangerous cargo. III - slightly dangerous goods. The hazard feature of class 3 is the ability to evaporate. Sealed packaging eliminates vapor formation and leakage. At 3-th A class can be one major hazard and max 2 additional hazards.
Class 1. Main hazard. Class 2. Main hazard + toxicity. Class 3. Major hazard + corrosiveness. Class 4. Main hazard + toxicity + corrosiveness. Class 4.1 - Packing Group - II or III. About 5% of these substances have an additional danger - thermal instability - the possibility of an explosion (sulfur, cellulose). Class 4.2 - packing group - I, II, III. Class 4.3 - packing group - I, II, III. Class 5.1 - packing group - I, II, III (fertilizers, hydrogen peroxide). Class 5.2 - packaging group has not (raw him.zavodov). Class 6.1 - groups of packages - I, II, III. It has a lot of additional hazards (hydrogen cyanide, arsenic, mercury-containing substances, and so on. D.). Class 6.2 - no packaging groups. 8 class - packing groups - I, II, III. It has many additional hazards. 9 class - packing groups - II, III. (asbestos dust is a carcinogen; substances that burn out dioxide, also carcinogens, do not decompose during 20 years).
2 feature class is that it does not have a major danger and does not have groups of packages. It features the following hazardous properties and their special notation:
A - -Create a suffocating lack of oxygen to breathe in closed spaces (noble gases). O - oxidizing, that is promoting combustion (oxygen). F - flammability (propane). T - toxic. Further, two or more hazardous properties simultaneously. TF - + toxic flammable. TC - + toxic caustic (corrosive). TO - + oxidizing poisonous. TFC - poisonous + flammable + caustic. TOC - poisonous + oxidizing (burning contribute) + caustic (corrosive).
A packing group is not assigned to the following classes:
1. Explosives and products
4.1 Flammable solids, self-reactive substances and solid desensitized explosives - for solid desensitized explosives
5.2 Organic Peroxides
6.2 Infectious Substances
7 Radioactive Materials
TYPES OF PACKAGES AND THEIR MARKING
The package of dangerous goods is chosen by the shipper. Double packaging is applied unassembled. If the package can be disassembled, then it is a combined package. Often used IBC (Intermmediate Bulk Container) - medium capacity container up to 3000 liters. Such containers are considered packages. It is necessary to check the labeling of cargo. Mandatory sign of danger. It is a rhombus with an edge length of not more than 100 mm. Be sure to place all the labels on one side of the package.
Packing reliability is indicated by the Latin letters X, Y, Z. It is imperative to compare the packing group and the packing reliability.
X - very reliable. Packing groups I, II, III.
Y - just reliable. Packing Groups II and III.
Z - satisfactory reliability. Packing group only III.
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