Transport of dangerous goods, is a very important matter and necessarily requires adherence to a large amount of domestic and international rules. In Russia, this process is governed by the following international agreements and domestic legislation:
- UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (document ST / SG / AC.10 / Rev.18), 2013.
- International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG), 2012.
- European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways (ADN), 2015.
- European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR), 2015.
- Regulations for the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail (RID), 2015.
- Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO TI), 2015-2016.
- Order of the Ministry of Transport of Russia from 05.09.2016 N 262 "On Amendments to the Safety Regulations for the Transport of Passengers and Goods by Road and Urban Ground Electric Transport, Approved by Order of the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation of 15 in January 2014 N 7, and Recognizing Certain Legal Acts Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation "
In addition, there are separate GOSTs, defining labeling requirements and packaging of dangerous goods:
- Interstate standard GOST 19433-88 "Dangerous goods. Classification and labeling"
- GOST 26319-84 "DANGEROUS GOODS. Packaging"
Transport of dangerous goods by sea
The main documents regulating the transport of dangerous goods by sea are:
International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG).
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 73 / 78).
SOLAS Convention (SOLAS 74).
Legislation of individual countries.
On the basis of legal acts of the federal level, developed and approved rules and regulations for the handling of dangerous goods, which clearly regulates all control procedures, safe transport with multimodal transport of goods, storage and handling in seaports. Under Russian law for transportation of dangerous goods are permitted vessels having documents in accordance with the Rules of Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG Regulations).
Transport of dangerous goods by rail
In the development of the route and the calculation of the cost of transportation is important to consider the need for additional fastening of the cargo, the loading or unloading with extreme caution, and the possibility of special equipment.
Movements of dangerous goods by rail shall be governed by the Agreement on International Goods Transport by Rail (SMGS), the Convention on International Carriage by Rail (COTIF), Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Goods by Rail (RID), regulations of individual states and commonwealths.
Features of the transport of dangerous goods by road
The following features of the transport of dangerous goods: a vehicle for the transport of dangerous goods must be ordered in advance (as a rule, 2-3 working days from the date of the alleged transportation); for the transport of dangerous goods need to prepare emergency cards, which are compiled on the basis of material data sheets, as well as route sheets, which indicate the routes transport of dangerous goods.
The driver must strictly adhere to the routes indicated in the route list; It is necessary to prepare accompanying documents for the transport of dangerous goods: certificates, passport of the substance, consignment note, invoices. As a rule, the design and approval of the route for the transport of dangerous goods requires 3-5 days; when transporting dangerous goods, it is necessary to comply with the speed limit, therefore the high-speed transportation of ADR cargo is not allowed some groups of dangerous goods are allowed for joint transportation; when loading, unloading, and also when transporting dangerous goods, the driver is a responsible person, in connection with which he has the right not to take cargo ADR for carriage in case if the accompanying documentation is incorrectly or with errors, the rules for the transport of dangerous goods are not observed, the packaging is damaged or deformed.
Labelling applied: for packages having a parallelepiped shape (including containers and packages) in the side, front and top surfaces: on the flanks - one of the ends and the shell on the two opposite sides; on bags - in the top of the seam on both sides; on bales and bales - at the end and side surfaces.
Waybill must be written on the official (state) language shipper. If this language is not English, French, German, and something else in addition to one of these languages.
When recording in the consignment note the name of the dangerous goods initially indicated UN identification number ... (or ANO ...) (eg UN 1256).
Then recorded the full name of dangerous goods (eg nitric acid).
Then specify the main class of danger (called the principal danger label number) and, if there is an additional hazard class (in parentheses) (referred to as an additional danger sign of number) - 8 (6.1), as well as indicate the packing group, if any - I.
An example of a complete record: UN 1256, nitric acid, 8 (6.1), I.
Packaging form, quantity and weight of the written words, for example: UN 1256, nitric acid, 3, III (drums, pieces 10, 2000 kg).
Empty and uncleaned packaging - examples:
Empty drums, 3 (6.1).
An empty tanker truck, load the last UN 1230, methanol, 3 (6.1), II.
An empty tanker truck, load the last UN 1203, petrol, 3, II.
These records can make himself autodriver anywhere copies of the invoice of the last load. These records are required.