Certificate of origin (Generalized System of Preferences Certificate of Origin) in Chinese sounds like 普惠制 原 产地证 is a document developed and approved in 1968 by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), adopted by developed countries as part of the implementation of the General System of Preferences (GSP ), this document gives the right to receive preferences when paying import customs duties for customs clearance of goods originating from developing countries or from least developed countries. The certificate of origin in the form "A" is accepted within the GSP (Generalized System of Preferences).

According to Annex No. 2 taken by decision of the EurAsEC Interstate Council from 27.11. 2009 n. 18 compiled a list of developing countries that use the system of tariff preferences of the customs union.

List of beneficiary developing countries
Albania
Algeria
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Aruba
Bahamas
Barbados
Bahrain
Belize
Бермудские острова
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
The British Virgin Islands
Brunei
Venezuela
Vietnam
Gabon
Guyana
Ghana
Guatemala
Honduras
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China
Grenada
Dominica
The Dominican Republic
Egypt
Zimbabwe
India
Indonesia
Jordan
Republic of Iraq
Iran
Republic of Cape Verde
Каймановы острова
Cameroon
Qatar
Kenya
China
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
Colombia
Congo
Республика Корея
Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire
Cuba
Kuwait
Cook Islands
Lebanon
Libya
Mauritius
Macedonia
Malaysia
Republic of Maldives
Morocco
Republic of the Marshall Islands
Mexico
Federated States of Micronesia
Mongolia
Montserrat
Namibia
Republic of Nauru
Nigeria
Nicaragua
Niue
United Arab Emirates
Sultanate of Oman
St. Helena
Turks and Caicos Islands
Pakistan
Panama
Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Salvador
Independent State of Samoa
Saudi Arabia
Swaziland
Republic of Seychelles
Vc
Saint Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
Republic of Serbia
Singapore
Syria
Surinam
Thailand
Tokelau
Kingdom of Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Uruguay
Sovereign Democratic Republic of Fiji
Philippines
Croatia
Republic of Montenegro
Chile
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Ecuador
South Africa
Jamaica
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In Russia, in accordance with the decision of the Council ECE 8 No. from 13.01.2017 of the year. On the list of goods originating from developing countries or from the least developed countries in respect of which when imported into the customs territory EAEU tariff preferences are provided, the list of such goods was approved.

The list of goods for which tariff preferences are granted when imported into the customs territory of the EAEU
Meat and edible meat offal
Fish and crustaceans, mollusks and other aquatic invertebrates (except sturgeon and salmon, as well as caviar from them) 2
Milk products; birds' eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included
Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included
Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and similar parts of plants; cut flowers and ornamental foliage
Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers
Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons
Coffee, tea, mate, or Paraguay tea, and spices
rice
Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten
Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; Other seeds, fruits, and grains; herbs and plants for technical purposes; straw and fodder
Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts
Plant materials for plaiting; Other products of plant origin, not elsewhere specified or included
Fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin and their cleavage products; prepared edible fats; waxes of animal or vegetable origin
Preparations of meat, fish or crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates
Cocoa beans, whole or broken, raw or roasted
Shells, husks, skins and other cocoa waste
Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants
Products for cooking sauces and ready-made sauces; condiments mixed; mustard flour and prepared mustard
Soups and broths ready and preparations thereof; homogenised composite food preparations
Raw tobacco; tobacco refuse
Salt; sulfur; earth and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement
Ores, slag and ash
Drugs (except for goods heading 32, 35 or 36), consisting of a mixture of two or more components, for therapeutic or prophylactic purposes, but not put up in unit dosage forms or in forms or packaging for retail
Tanning or dyeing extracts; tannins and their derivatives; dyes, pigments and other dyes; paints and varnishes; putties and other mastics; printing ink, ink, ink
Essential oils (whether or not containing terpenes), including concretes and absolutes; resinoids; extracted oleoresins; concentrates of essential oils in fats, fixed oils, waxes or the like, obtained by enfleurage or maceration; terpenic by-products of the deterpenation of essential oils; aqueous distillates and aqueous solutions of essential oils
Mixtures of fragrances and mixtures (including alcoholic solutions) based on one or more of these substances used as industrial raw materials; other fragrant preparations used for making beverages
Surface active agents (other than soap); surface-active preparations, washing preparations (including auxiliary washing preparations) and cleaning preparations, whether or not containing soap (other than those of commodity positions 341)
Protein substances; modified starches; adhesives; enzymes
Articles for the conveyance or packing of goods, of plastics; stoppers, lids, caps and other closures, of plastics
Natural rubber, balata, gutta-percha, guayule, chicle and similar natural gums, in primary forms or in the form of plates, sheets or strips, or ribbons
Timber obtained by sawing or splitting along, planing or peeling, whether or not processed by planing, grinding, with or without end connections, of a thickness greater than 6 mmfrom tropical wood
Wood marquetry and inlaid wood; caskets and cases for jewelery or cutlery, and similar articles, of wood; statuettes and other ornaments, of wood; wooden articles of furniture not falling in 94 group
Other wooden products
Cork and articles of cork
Products from straw, alpha or other materials for weaving; basketware and wickerwork
Silk
Wool, not carded or combed
Cotton, not carded or combed
Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabrics of paper yarn
Cotton wool, felt or felt and nonwovens; special yarn; twine, cordage, ropes and cables and products from them
Knotted carpets and other textile floor coverings, whether or not made
Carpets "kilim", "sumac", "Karamanie" and similar hand-woven rugs
Other carpets and textile floor coverings, whether or not finished, of wool or fine animal hair2, 3
Braids in the piece; finishing materials without embroidery in the piece, not knitted or crocheted; tassels, pompons and similar articles
Flowers, leaves and fruit, artificial and parts thereof; Product of artificial flowers, fruits or leaves of other materials
Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials
Statuettes and other ornamental ceramic articles
Other ceramic products
Glass beads, imitation pearls, imitation precious or semiprecious stones and similar glass smallwares
Bijouterie
Seating Furniture of cane, wicker, bamboo or similar materials
Furniture of other materials, including cane, osier, bamboo or similar materials
Parts of furniture of other materials
Ivory, bone, tortoiseshell, horn, deer horns, corals, mother-of-pearl, other materials of animal origin and products made from these materials (including products obtained by molding)
Worked vegetable or mineral carving material and articles thereof; molded or carved articles of wax, stearin, of natural gums or natural resins or of modeling pastes, and other molded or carved articles, not elsewhere specified or included; processed gelatin, uncured (except gelatin of heading 353) and articles of unhardened gelatin
Brooms, brushes (including brushes constituting parts of machines, appliances or vehicles), hand-operated mechanical without engines for floor cleaning, mops and feather dusters dusters; knots and tufts prepared for broom or brush making; paint pads and rollers to paint; squeegees (except rubber rollers for moisture removal)
Screens and sieves manual
Buttons, buttons, snap-fastening, button molds and other parts of these articles; button blanks
Pencils (other than those of heading 968 position), crayons, pencil leads, pastels, drawing charcoals, crayons, writing or drawing chalks and tailors'
Smoking pipes (including pipe bowls) and cigar or cigarette holders, and parts thereof
Combs, hair and similar items, hard rubber or plastics
Flasks and other vacuum vessels assembled; parts thereof other than glass inners
Works of art, collectors' pieces and antiques
Live animals
Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates
Cereals
Sugar and sugar confectionery
Cocoa and its products
Prepared cereal, flour, starch or milk products; flour confectionery
Different foods
Alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages and vinegar
Residues and waste of the food industry; ready-made pet food
Tobacco and industrial tobacco substitutes
Pressure compression hosiery
Industrial and professional clothing for men and boys of cotton yarn
Life jackets and life belts
Details of the shoe (including shoe blanks with an attached or unattached main insole); loose insoles, heel cushions and similar products; leggings, leggings and similar products, and their parts
Zinc and its products
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How to get a certificate of origin of goods in China?

Buying goods in China and crossing the Russian-Chinese border does not mean that product was produced in China. For this, this document is required, which confirms that the place of actual production of goods exported from the PRC is located in China and the goods are made entirely from Chinese raw materials or have undergone sufficient processing (processing) in the PRC.

If goods have been processed or processed in several countries, the country of origin is determined by criteria that can be established by various trade agreements concluded by the exporting country with the exporting country (for example, agreements on a free trade area), or agreements in which both countries participate (for example, the Agreement on the rules of origin of the WTO, in which all WTO members participate).

The standard criteria for determining the place of origin of goods are the following features:

  • Goods were fully received or produced in a given country (this rule is most often used when determining the place of origin of minerals and their products, agricultural products);
  • This country is the last place of sufficient processing (processing) of goods. That is, if two or more countries participate in the manufacture of a product, the country of origin is the country in which it was subjected to the last substantial processing necessary to acquire its basic properties. Sufficient processing (processing) of a product is recognized as processing, as a result of which the first digits of the code of the product nomenclature change, processing that meets the ad valorem share rule or certain technical requirements.
  • Import Content Rule (Import Content Rulein which the share of value originating from a country that is not a party to the agreement should not reach a certain level (as a rule, 30-50%)
  • Rule of content local cost (Regional Value / Content Rule, according to which the content of the share of value originating from the country (s) that is a party to the free trade agreement must reach a certain level).

In China, the Form A country of origin certificate is issued by the China Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau (CIQ). CIQ offices are located at most Russian-Chinese border crossing points, so exporters do not have any problems with obtaining a Form A certificate. Cost The paperwork is of the order of 150-200 RMB. But you need to remind the supplier of the goods that you need a certificate of the country of origin of forms A.

The certificate must contain the signature and stamp of the regional representation of this institution. Certificates issued by other authorities are not likely to pass. customs control.

Certificates of origin can be divided into two main categories: preferential (allowing the importer to rely on a preferential customs tariff) and standard (for determining the place of origin of goods).

You may need a certificate if compensatory, protective measures for the protection of domestic producers are applied to the imported goods, the main of which are anti-dumping duties.

Also this document is useful to you if contract provides for a letter of credit form of payment, the certificate of the country of origin may be included in the list of documents confirming the delivery, in which case it will need to be submitted to the bank.

There are several types of certificates that are denoted by different letters.

  • Form A certificate - required for full or partial exemption from customs duties in the importing country when importing goods under the general system of preferences for developing countries. Chinese goods are subject to the general system of preferences in the European Union, the Customs Union and Japan.
  • A certificate of origin in form B is needed when exporting goods for which a preferential customs tariff is valid in a member country of the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement. The parties to this agreement are China, Bangladesh, India, South Korea, Nepal, Laos, Sri Lanka, the Philippines).
  • The certificate of origin in form E is needed when exporting goods for which the preferential customs tariff is valid under the agreement on a free trade zone between the PRC and the ASEAN countries (Brunei Darussalam, Myanmar, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, Thailand Vietnam).
  • Certificate of Origin for Form F is used when exporting goods under the agreement on a free trade zone between the PRC and Chile.
  • The certificate of origin in form P is used when exporting goods under the agreement on a free trade zone between the PRC and Pakistan.
  • The certificate of origin in form X is used when exporting goods under the agreement on a free trade zone between the PRC and Singapore.
  • For the export of goods under other agreements on a free trade zone concluded by the PRC (New Zealand, Iceland, Switzerland, etc.), other forms of certificate of origin are used.