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Certificate of Origin or certificate of origin This is a document indicating the country of origin of the goods. Customs depends on the country of origin duty and the possibility of obtaining tariff preferences and benefits under trade agreements.

The idea of ​​tariff preferences for developing countries was the subject of widespread discussion at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in 1960's. Among other problems, developing countries have argued that MFN creates an obstacle for richer countries in terms of reducing and eliminating tariffs and other trade restrictions with sufficient speed to benefit developing countries.

In 1971, GATT followed UNCTAD's example and introduced two MFN waivers that allowed for tariff preferences for goods from developing countries. Both of these waivers were introduced for ten years. In 1979, GATT established a permanent exemption from the MFN obligation through the authorization clause. This exception allowed contracting parties to the GATT (equivalent to today's members) WTO) create preferential trade schemes for other countries, with the proviso that these schemes must be "generalized, non-discriminatory and non-reciprocal" in relation to the country they benefited (the so-called beneficiary countries). Countries were not to create GSP programs that only benefited a few of their "friends".

There are several options for certificates:

A general form certificate is required in order to officially confirm the country of origin of goods exported from the Russian Federation to all countries (except CIS countries) that are not subject to tariff preferences granted to the Russian Federation by foreign states or their economic associations within the framework of the General System of Preferences. the country of origin of the goods exported from the Russian Federation to all countries (except CIS countries) that are not subject to tariff preferences, etc. foreign countries or their economic associations within the framework of the General System of Preferences.

The certificate of the CT-1 form is necessary for goods intended for export from Russia to the CIS member states (Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan). Its use in trade between the Commonwealth states, participants FEA can reduce the rate of customs duties to 0%;

A ST-2 form certificate is required for goods destined for export from Russia to Serbia. The holder of the certificate of origin of the ST-2 form is exempt from paying customs duties when importing Russian goods into Serbia and Serbian goods into Russia;

The certificate of origin of goods - form "A" is used in Russia when importing goods, the certificate allows you to import goods with a substantial 25% discount (relative to the size of the basic customs duty), or without paying customs duties.

When importing goods into the territory of the Russian Federation Customs usually request a certificate:

  • for goods from countries that have received customs preferences from the Russian Federation;
  • for goods whose import is restricted by quotas or other measures;
  • in cases where the origin of the goods is unknown or doubtful;
  • in other cases stipulated by the legislation and international agreements of the Russian Federation.